The Free Trade Agreement between The Government of the Republic of Mauritius and The Government of the People's Republic of China was signed in October 2019 in Beijing. Following the completion of ratification procedures by both sides, the Mauritius-China FTA entered into force on 01 January 2021.
The Mauritius-China FTA is a symbol of the excellent bilateral relations between Mauritius and China which have endured and thrived for several decades.
China represents a market of 1.4 billion people. The Mauritius-China FTA achieves the goal of mutually beneficial outcomes. It is China's first FTA with an African country and it provides more solid institutional guarantee for deepening economic and trade relations between the two countries.
The Mauritius-China FTA comprises of four main components which pertain to trade in goods, trade in services, investment and economic cooperation.
The text of the Agreement comprises of chapters covering sanitary and phytosanitary measures (SPS), technical barriers to trade (TBT), trade remedies, competition, intellectual property, and electronic commerce.
With regard to trade in goods, upon the entry into force of the FTA in 2021, Mauritius benefited from immediate duty free access on the Chinese market on 7,504 tariff lines. Tariffs on an additional 723 tariff lines is being phased out over a 5 to 7-year period as from 01 January 2021.
Furthermore, a Tariff Rate Quota for the export of 50,000 tonnes of Mauritian sugar at an in-quota rate of 15% is being implemented on a progressive basis over a period of 8 years, with an initial quantity of 15,000 tonnes in 2021.
To benefit from preferential treatment under the Agreement, exporters must comply with the rules of origin as stipulated in the Agreement.
The following reflects the rules of origin under the FTA i.e. the following goods shall be considered as originating in Mauritius:
Some examples of what constitute a wholly obtained good are given below:
The following goods shall be considered as wholly obtained or produced in Mauritius:
The Certificate of Origin for the Mauritius-China FTA is issued by the Customs Department of the Mauritius Revenue Authority on application by the exporter or producer, provided that the goods can be considered as originating in Mauritius. The contact details of the Mauritius Revenue Authority Customs Department are as follows:
Mauritius and China shall endeavor to agree on the interpretation and application of the FTA, and shall make every attempt through cooperation and consultation to arrive at a mutually satisfactory resolution of any matter that might affect operation of the FTA when a dispute occurs.
The Exceptions Clauses of the Mauritius-China FTA relate to essential security, taxation, disclosure of information, and measures to safeguard the Balance of Payments.
With respect to trade in services, both parties have agreed to remove restrictions in more than 100 service sectors. These include financial services, telecommunications, Information and Communications Technology, professional services, construction and health services.
China is the world's 2nd-biggest importer of services.
The Trade in Services Chapter of the Mauritius-China FTA comprises of the following annexes: