The African Growth and Opportunity Act (AGOA) builds on the existing Generalised System of Preferences (GSP) scheme and offers duty-free and quota-free market access to the United States for approximately 7000 products including the roughly 1,800 product tariff lines that were added to the GSP by the AGOA legislation.
Mauritius became eligible to the third country fabric provision in 2008. Since then, Mauritius has taken advantage of the third country fabric provision, which allowed us to consolidate our exports on the US market.
The start of the implementation of the AGOA benefits coincided with the last stages of the termination of the WTO Multi Fibre Agreement quotas. Mauritius suffered from the combined effects of the phasing out of the MFA quotas and non-eligibility to the third country fabric provision
Since its enactment, AGOA has had a very positive impact on US Africa trade flows and has contributed to the economic development in Africa. AGOA has also created thousands of direct and indirect jobs on the African continent especially, including for SMEs and women. Overall AGOA has increased two-way trade and has benefitted both the US and SSA countries.
The AGOA has a very positive impact on the industrial development of Mauritius. It has particularly helped the apparel sector to flourish and become vertically integrated.
In order to qualify for duty-free access to the US under GSP, the Rules of Origin require that the following rules be met:
Apparel and textiles are not included under the General System of Preferences (GSP) program, on which AGOA is based. However, AGOA provides beneficiary Sub-Saharan African countries with duty-free access to the U.S. market for apparel, subject to specific rules of origin and other administrative requirements. Mauritius is eligible for the third country fabric provision.
Products from AGOA countries must choose from a specific criteria in order to meet to the Rules of Origin requirements and qualify for duty-free treatment (either yarn from US or yarn from SSA countries or third country fabric)
These include items such as apparel and footwear, wine, certain motor vehicle components, a variety of agricultural products, chemicals, steel and others.
Any person or company willing to export under the provision of AGOA has to register with the Trade Division of the Ministry of Commerce and Consumer Protection by filling a registration form available at the Ministry.
Each consignment of goods to be exported to the USA under the AGOA scheme should be accompanied by an AGOA Visa Certificate delivered by the Trade Division of the Ministry of Commerce and Consumer Protection.
Level 1, Custom House
Republic of Mauritius
Telephone Numbers: + (230) 2020500/ + (230) 460-2500
Fax Number: + (230) 468-7404 / 468-7395