Operating a Business

flag Tunisia Tunisia: Operating a Business

In this page: Legal Forms of Companies | The Active Population in Figures | Working Conditions | The Cost of Labour | Management of Human Resources


Legal Forms of Companies

The individual company
Number of partners: 1 person
Capital (max/min): No minimum capital
Shareholders and liability: The individual businessman is liable for company debts on his personal property.
Limited liability company (SARL)
Number of partners: 2 partners minimum.
Capital (max/min): TND 1,000 minimum. The minimum nominal value of a share must be TND 5.
Shareholders and liability: Their liability is limited to the amount of capital contributed.
Public limited company (SA)
Number of partners: Minimum 7 partners.
Capital (max/min): Minimum capital: TND 5,000. 1/4 of the capital must be paid upon creation. The balance must be paid up within a maximum of 5 years.
TDN 50,000 if the company does make a public invitation.
Shareholders and liability: Their liability is limited to the amount of capital contributed.
General partnership
Number of partners: Minimum 2 partners, with a maximum of 50.
Capital (max/min): No minimum capital.
Shareholders and liability: Their liability is unlimited.
Limited joint-stock partnership
Number of partners: There are 2 types of partner, the active partners and the silent partners.
Capital (max/min): No minimum capital.
Shareholders and liability: The liability of the active partners is unlimited. The liability of the silent partners is limited to the amount of capital contributed as long as they do not participate in the management of the company.

Business Directories

Financial Information Directories
Dun & Bradstreet - Worldwide directory with financial information on businesses
Kompass - Tunisian business directory

To go further, check out our service Business Directories.


Professional Associations

General Professional Associations
Tunisie Industrie - Agency for the Promotion of Industry and Innovation
UTICA - Tunisian Union of Industry, Trade and Handicrafts

To go further, check out our service Professional Associations.


Business Setup Procedures

Setting Up a Company Tunisia Middle East & North Africa
Procedures (number) 3.00 6.28
Time (days) 9.00 19.51

Source: Doing Business - Latest available data.

The Competent Organisation
Trade Registry of Tunisia
For Further Information
Doing Business, Information on how to start a business in Tunisia
Trade Register

Recovery Procedures

In the framework of the safeguard scheme, two legal decisions are generally made:
- being put into receivership, a state where payment stops, it is impossible to face the liabilities due with the current assets.
- compulsory liquidation, a persistent state where payment stops and receivership is manifestly impossible.
Minimum Debt-to-Capital Ratio Triggering Liquidation
No minimum.
Bankruptcy Laws
Commercial Code

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The Active Population in Figures

Labour Force 4,086,7644,115,3024,107,933

Source: International Labour Organization, ILOSTAT database

Total activity rate 51.56%51.53%51.53%
Men activity rate 75.34%75.37%75.48%
Women activity rate 28.36%28.24%28.09%

Source: International Labour Organization, ILOSTAT database

Employed Persons, by Occupation (% of Total Labour Force) 2014
Public administration and defence; compulsory social security 19.6%
Manufacturing 19.0%
Agriculture, hunting and forestry 14.8%
Construction 13.3%
Wholesale and retail trade; repair of motor vehicles, motorcycles and personal and household goods 13.1%
Transport, storage and communications 5.8%
Real estate, renting and business activities 4.5%
Hotels and restaurants 3.6%
Mining and quarrying 1.2%
Financial intermediation 0.8%

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Working Conditions

Opening Hours
  • Legal Weekly Duration
40 hours or 48 hours according to the regime.
  • Maximum Duration
Working Rest Day
Sunday for public administrations
Paid Annual Vacation
30 days or 5 weeks of annual vacation.
Retirement Age
Child Labour and Minimum Age For Employment

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The Cost of Labour


Minimum Wage
In 2022, it was equal to TND 429.312 per month for 48 hours worked per week for non-agricultural workers (TND 365.732 in case of 40 weekly hours of work); and to TND 16.512 per day for agricultural workers according to the data from the National Institute of Statistics (lastest available data).
Average Wage
The ILO does not publish data on the average wage in Tunisia.
In 2020, according to different private surveys, the average monthly salary was estimated at TND 914 (for non-agricultural services).

Social Security Costs

The Areas Covered
- Health Insurance: cover for all or part of the expenses for health, maternity, disability, or death not linked to the exercise of one's professional activity.
- Industrial accidents and professional illnesses: cover for all or part of the expenses for illness, disability, or death linked to the exercise of one's professional activity.
- Old age: taking care of pensions for people who have previously exercised a professional activity. Family allowances: cover for all or part of family expenses relative to children, housing, etc.
- Unemployment: cover for all or part of the wages not received during periods of unemployment.
- Welfare: financial aid for people whose resources are too low to face needs created by handicap, age, illness, or social or economic difficulties, when the other forms of solidarity (social insurance or family solidarity) are insufficient or non-existent.
Contributions Paid By the Employer: The social security contributions rate for employers is 16.57%.
Contributions Paid By the Employee: Total of 9.18%:
- Old age, invalidity, survivors: 4.73%;
- Sickness, maternity: 3.16%;
- Family benefits: 0.88%;
- Other services: AT/MP, PST, FSE: 0.38%.
Competent Organization
Ministry of Vocational Training and Employment

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Management of Human Resources


The Contract

Type of Contract
Legal measures govern work contracts; collective agreements and individual negotiation complete them. The formality of work contracts is extremely rigid. The constraints of dismissal and hiring conditions are rather flexible.

Breach of Contracts

Labour Laws
Consult Doing Business Website, to obtain a summary of the labor regulations that apply to local entreprises.

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Latest Update: November 2022