flag Thailand Thailand: Introduction

Capital: Bangkok

Population

Total Population: 69,799,978
Natural Increase: 0.3%
Density: 137 Inhabitants/km²
Urban Population: 51.4%
Population of main cities: Bangkok (5,666,300); Nonthanburi (254,400); Pak Kret (190,300); Hat Yai (156,800); Chaophraya Surasak (143,100); Surat Thani (132,100); Udon Thani (130,600); Chiang Mai (127,300); Nakhon Ratchasima (126,400)
Ethnic Origins: Although over 97% of the population is classified as Thai, the country has a complex ethnic composition. The Thais themselves are very different, those from the central plain being distinctly different in culture and language from those from the north and north-east, known as Lao. Many Thais have Chinese ancestry and Thai-Chinese are the largest minority group in the country (over 15%). About 1.5% of the population is of Burmese origin. (National Statistics Office)
Official Language: Thai
Other Languages Spoken: English is a second language taught in most schools. However it may be difficult to find people able to speak English. Chinese is also often used.
Business Language(s): Thai and English.
Religion: 95% of Thais are Buddhists of the Theravada tradition. Muslims are the second largest religious group in Thailand at 4.5%. Thailand's southernmost provinces - Pattani, Yala, Narathiwat and part of Songkhla Chumphon have dominant Muslim populations, consisting of both ethnic Thai and Malay. Most often Muslims live in separate communities from non-Muslims.
Literacy Rate: 92.6%

Local Time:

It is %T:%M %A In Bangkok

Exchange Rate on :

National Currency: Thailand Baht (THB)

Country Overview

Area: 513,120 km²
Type of State: Thailand is a Kingdom. It is a constitutional monarchy based on parliamentary democracy.
Type of Economy: Upper-middle-income economy, emerging financial market.
One of the most successful economies of South East Asia; economy based on the agri-food production, tourism, production of automotive and exports of electronic products
HDI*: 0.726/1
HDI (World Rank): 93/188

Note: (*) The HDI, Human Development Index, is an Indicator Which Synthesizes Several Data Such as Life Expectancy, Level of Education, Professional Careers, Access to Culture etc.


Thailand

Telecommunication

Telephone Code:
To call from Thailand, dial 001
To call Thailand, dial +66
Internet Suffix: .th
Computers: 5.8 per 100 Inhabitants
Telephone Lines: 9.1 per 100 Inhabitants
Internet Users: 26.5 per 100 Inhabitants
Access to Electricity: 100% of the Population

Foreign Trade in Figures

 
Foreign Trade Indicators 20162017201820192020
Imports of Goods (million USD) 194,668221,519248,201236,260206,992
Exports of Goods (million USD) 215,327236,635252,957246,269231,468
Imports of Services (million USD) 42,19946,38554,66156,56346,563
Exports of Services (million USD) 66,41975,22877,15280,78431,421

Source: WTO – World Trade Organisation, Latest Available Data

 

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Latest Update: June 2022