flag Tanzania Tanzania: Travelling

In this page: Entry Requirements | Organising Your Trip | Visiting | Living Conditions | Eating | Paying | Speaking | Useful Resources

 

Entry Requirements

Passport and Visa Service
Ministry of Home Affairs - Tanzania Visa Information
Ministry of Foreign Affairs - Visa policy of Tanzania
For Further Information
Diplomatic Missions of Tanzania
 
Check IATA Travel Website for visa requirements and health advices.
 

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Organising Your Trip

Means of Transport Recommended in Town

Recommendation
The capital city of Dar es Salaam has a rapid transit network, that is being extended gradually (The Dar Rapid Transit (DART) project). The system operates 140 buses and covers most central areas. Ticket prices vary between TZS 200 and TZS 800. Dalla-dallas (minibuses) are the traditional means of transport in Dar es Salaam and serve many city destinations for an average price of TZS 400. While they have fixed first and last stops, routes may vary. They also tend to be packed to overflowing. Dar es Salaam also has a commuter rail network, consisting of two lines and 23 stations.
Maps of Urban Networks
Dar Es Salaam Bus Network

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Transportation From Airport to City Centre:


Airport

Distance

Taxi

Bus

Train

Car Rental
Julius Nyere International Airport 12 km TZS 35,000 - 45,000 TZS 400 - Private hires are available. Check here for rates.

Means of Transport Recommended in the Rest of the Country

Recommendation
A decent network of tarred and all-weather roads connects major towns (around 15% of total road network in the country). Nevertheless, the majority of roads away from the highways can be hazardous. Minor roads are unmade gravel with potholes and their conditions deteriorate further during the rainy season. The best roads are between Arusha and Nairobi, Dar es Salaam, and from Dar es Salaam to Zambia and Malawi. Road conditions are much better in Zanzibar. The major road that loops around the island is tarred and in good condition.
Railway network is extensive and connects Dar es Salaam to Arusha, Tanga, Mwanza, Kigoma, Mpanda and Mbeya. There is also an international rail connection to Kenya, Uganda and Zambia.

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Airlines

Name Type Domestic Flights International Flights
Air Tanzania National Yes Yes
Air Excel Private/Charter Yes No
As Salaam Air Private/Charter Yes No
Auric Air Private Yes Yes
Coastal Aviation Private/Charter Yes Yes
FastJet Low-cost Yes Yes
FlightLink Private Yes No
Precision Air Private Yes Yes
ZanAir Private Yes No

You Can Consult The EU Air Safety List. Look Also at the rating of the United States Federal Aviation Administration (FAA).

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Travelling By Yourself

Recommendation
A 4x4 is necessary when travelling to parks, reserves or driving off the beaten track in general. During the rainy season, a high clearance 4x4 is the only way to drive on unmade roads (the most common type of road in Mainland Tanzania). Jeeps are readily available for hire in the islands of Zanzibar.
Petrol stations are available along the main roads and in towns; however, it is recommended to take cans of extra fuel when travelling to parks and reserves. Tanzania does not have a formal breakdown service; therefore, it is advisable to ensure the car rental agency provides good back-up service in case of emergency.
Driving at night is not recommended because of wild animals, cows and goats roaming freely on the road. Extra care should be taken when driving behind public transit vehicles as they tend to brake sharply to pick up passengers.
Road Maps
Tanzania Road Map
Ezilon Tanzania Road Map
Find an Itinerary
Via Michelin - Tanzania Road Map

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Visiting

Different Forms of Tourism

Historical
  • Olduvai Gorge
  • Laetoli Footprint
  • Isimila Stone Age site
  • Engaruka Ruins
  • Kaole Ruins
  • Kunduchi Ruins
  • Kilwa Kisiwani Ruins
  • Songo Mnara Ruins
  • Historical towns: Bagamoyo, Kilwa Kivinje, Mikindani
  • Colonial Administrative Buildings (BOMAs)
Cultural
  • Kondoa Rock-Art Sites
  • Ruins of Kilwa Kisiwani and Ruins of Songo Mnara
  • Stone Town of Zanzibar
  • Cultural Heritage Centre (Arusha)
  • Old Fort of Zanzibar
  • Palace Museum (Zanzibar)
  • House of Wonders (Zanzibar)
Nature
  • Ngorongoro Conservation Area and Crater
  • Kilimanjaro National Park
  • Selous Game Reserve
  • Serengeti National Park
  • Olduvai Gorge & Laetoli
  • Kaporogwe Falls
  • Kalambo Falls
  • Amboni Caves
  • Udzungwa National Park
  • Tarangire National Park
Religious
  • St. Joseph Cathedral (Dar es Salaam)
  • Azania Lutheran Church (Dar es Salaam)
  • Gaddafi Mosque (Dodoma)
  • Great Mosque of Kilwa (Kilwa Masoko)
  • St. Joseph's Roman Catholic Church (Zanzibar)
  • Malindi Mosque (Zanzibar)
  • Kizimkazi Mosque (Zanzibar)
Thermal
  • Kikuletwa (Chemka) Hot Springs
  • Rundugai Hot Springs
Beach
  • Mnemba Island
    Vamizi
    Fanjove
    Ras Kutani
    Fundu Lagoon
    Saanane Island National Park
    Pangani Town
Winter Sports
Snow can be found year-round on Kilimanjaro; however, skiing is not allowed on the mountain.
Outdoor Activities
Tanzania is one of the most popular destinations for wildlife safari in Africa. Boating and canoeing, through the rivers, ocean bays (Swahili Coast as well as the islands of Zanzibar) and waterways, are also popular outdoor activities. Zanzibar, Pemba and Mafia Islands are also ideal for diving and snorkelling. Mountain climbing trips to Kilimanjaro, Meru and Crater Highlands are also among popular outdoor activities.
Shopping
  • Kanga (colourful fabric garment)
  • Figurines of makonde
  • Wicker baskets
  • Maasai handcraft items (wood carving, wooden baskets, jewellery, etc.)
  • Tinga-tinga paintings
  • Asilia leather (in the city of Arusha)
  • Tanzanite gemstone
  • Coffee and tea
  • Spices (clover, pepper, cinnamon, ginger and nutmeg) (in the islands of Zanzibar)
Tourism Organisations
Tanzania Tourist Board

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Living Conditions

Health and Safety

Health Precautions
There are no specific vaccination requirements to enter Tanzania (except for vaccine against yellow fever if travelling from a country with risk of yellow fever transmission). Nevertheless, WHO and Center for Disease Control and Prevention recommend the following vaccines before entering Tanzania: hepatitis A, hepatitis B, rabies, typhoid, boosters for tetanus, diphtheria and measles. Cholera is also known to occur in Tanzania (with recent cases reported in Arusha, Dar es Salaam, Dodoma, Iringa, Katavi, Kigoma, Kilimanjaro, Manyara, Mbeya, Morogoro, Rukwa, Rumuva, Songwe, and Tanga).
For Further Information on Sanitary Conditions
Center for Disease Control and Prevention - Tanzania Travel Information
UK Foreign Travel Advice - Tanzania
For Further Information on Safety Conditions
U.S. Department of State - Tanzania Travel Information
Foreign and Commonwealth Office - Tanzania Travel Advice
Government of Canada - Tanzania Travel Advice
 

Emergency Numbers

Police, ambulance, fire 112
Dar es Salaam Police +255 22 2117362
 

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Time Difference and Climate

Time and Time Difference
It is %T:%M %A In Dar es Salaam (GMT+3)
Summer Time Period
None
 

Map of the Time Zone

Time zone

Type of Climate
Tanzania has a tropical climate and is divided into four main climatic zones. These can be described as: the hot humid coastline; the semi-arid plateau; the high-moist lake regions; and the temperate highland areas. Temperatures rarely drop below 20°C, except in the highlands, where they range between 10°C and 20°C during cold and hot seasons. The hottest time of the year runs from November to February whereas the coldest period is between May and August. The weather is hot and humid throughout the year in the Zanzibar Archipelago. Rainfall tends to vary significantly between different parts of the country, nevertheless only about half of the country receives more than 750 millimetres annually. Rainfall can reach well above 2,500 mm in the lake region and drop below 500 mm in parts of the hot and dry Central Plateau.
For Further Information
Climates of Travel - Tanzania Climate Information
Global Security - Tanzania Climate
 

Average Annual Temperatures and Rainfall

Climate

 

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Eating

Food Specialties
Tanzanian cuisine bears some of the characteristics of the East African cuisine along with many influences from the Arabic and Indian cuisines as a result of the Omani rule in Zanzibar. The diet is largely based on starches such as millet, sorghum, beans, pilaf, and cornmeal. Ugali, a stiff dough made from cassava flour, cornmeal, millet, or sorghum, is one of the most popular dishes of the country. It is often served with a sauce containing either fish, meat, beans or cooked vegetables. Pilau, the rice dish introduced by the Arabs, includes many spices that are not too common in Africa, such as curry, cinnamon, cumin, hot peppers, and cloves. Ndizi Kaanga, fried plantains, is another popular dish and is often served as a snack or as a side dish of a main course. Rice and fish cooked in coconut are widely eaten along the coastline. While meat consumption is less common than some African countries, nyama choma (grilled meat), consisting often of barbequed beef or skewered goat, is a popular national dish. Indian staples such as chai and chapatti (fried flat bread) are also part of the national cuisine.
Drinks
Chai tea is by far the most popular beverage in Tanzania and is usually served after meals. Coffee - locally grown - is another common drink and it is mostly sold by street vendors. Mbebe, a beer made from bananas, is a specialty of the Chagga ethnic group in Kilimanjaro region.
Dietary Restrictions
The people of Zanzibar are mostly Muslims and therefore do not consume alcohol and pork meat. Regardless, alcoholic drinks are widely available in the archipelago.

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Paying

Domestic Currency
Tanzanian Shilling
ISO Code
TZS
To Obtain Domestic Currency
Foreign currency can be exchanged at banks or exchange offices. US dollars, followed by euros, are among the most widely accepted currencies and get the best rates. US dollar bills dated prior to 2006 are not accepted. Rates and commissions tend to vary considerably, therefore it is worth comparing before exchanging money. For after-hours exchange and exchanging in small towns, most Indian-owned businesses change money; however, often at unfavourable rates. ATMs are a convenient way to withdraw Tanzanian Shillings and readily available in large cities. ATMs accept most international cards; however, there are transaction limits (maximum of TZS 300,000 or 400,000 per transaction in large cities and TZS 1.2 million per day (less in small towns)).
Possible Means of Payment
Credit and debit cards (Visa and MasterCard) are widely accepted and a convenient method of withdrawing local currency. Cards are required for paying park fees at most national parks. Most hotels and tour operators do not accept credit cards and require cash payment. Some high-end hotels and tour operators may accept credit cards; however often with commission averaging from 5% to 10%.

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Speaking

Official Language
Kiswahili (Swahili) (de jure), English (de facto)
Other Languages Spoken
Bantu (Bemba, Safwa, Digo, Hehe, Makonde, Nyamwezi, Yao, and Luguru) and Nilotic languages (Maasai, Datooga, Ngasa, Ogiek, Kisankasa, and Pare). Arabic in Zanzibar.
Business Language
English and Swahili
Getting Some Knowledge
Please visit the Ethnologue website for an introduction into the languages of Tanzania.
Free Translation Tools
African Languages - Swahili : English to Swahili Dictionary

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Latest Update: November 2022