flag Switzerland Switzerland: Introduction

Capital: Bern

Population

Total Population: 8,636,896
Natural Increase: 0.7%
Density: 219 Inhabitants/km²
Urban Population: 73.9%
Population of main cities: Zurich (421,800); Geneva (203,800); Basel (173,800); Lausanne (140,100); Bern (134,800); Winterthur (114,300); Luzern (82,600); St. Gallen (76,200); Lugano (62,300); Biel (55,000)
Ethnic Origins: The population is comprised of about 62% of people of Swiss German origin, with about 23% of French Swiss origin, 8% of Italian origin and 22.7% of other backgrounds (the total exceeds 100%, as people can give more than one answer). (Swiss Federal Statistical Office)
Official Language: Switzerland has three official languages: German, French and Italian and four national languages: German, French, Italian and Romansch.
Other Languages Spoken: Other languages spoken include Serbo-Croatian, Albanian, Portuguese, Spanish and English.
Business Language(s): English, German, French and Italian
Religion: Roman Catholic (41.8%), Protestant (35.3%), Muslim (4.3%), Orthodox (1.8%), Other Christian (0.4%), Others (1%), Unspecified (4.3%), None (11.1%) (2000 census).

Local Time:

It is %T:%M %A In Geneva, Bern, Lausanne

Exchange Rate on :

National Currency: Swiss Franc (CHF)

Country Overview

Area: 41,290 km²
Type of State: Federal republic based on parliamentary democracy. Confederation of 26 cantons (states/provinces), which enjoy fair amount of decentralisation.
Type of Economy: High-income economy, OECD member.
Fourth GDP per capita in the world; offshore financial services dominate the economy.
HDI*: 0.930/1
HDI (World Rank): 3/188

Note: (*) The HDI, Human Development Index, is an Indicator Which Synthesizes Several Data Such as Life Expectancy, Level of Education, Professional Careers, Access to Culture etc.


Switzerland

Telecommunication

Telephone Code:
To call from Switzerland, dial 00
To call Switzerland, dial +41
Internet Suffix: .ch
Computers: 91.8 per 100 Inhabitants
Telephone Lines: 56.7 per 100 Inhabitants
Internet Users: 85.2 per 100 Inhabitants
Access to Electricity: 100% of the Population

Foreign Trade in Figures

 
Foreign Trade Indicators 20162017201820192020
Imports of Goods (million USD) 268,658269,834279,528277,830291,981
Exports of Goods (million USD) 303,221299,603310,749313,934319,318
Imports of Services (million USD) 95,207103,250122,110122,240113,792
Exports of Services (million USD) 114,356120,236133,665129,365112,992

Source: WTO – World Trade Organisation, Latest Available Data

 

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Latest Update: November 2022