flag Rwanda Rwanda: Introduction

Capital: Kigali


Total Population: 12,952,209
Natural Increase: 2.5%
Density: 525 Inhabitants/km²
Urban Population: 17.4%
Population of main cities including suburbs: Kigali (859,400); Gisenyi (136,900); Ruhengeri (59,400); Butare (50,300); Gitarama (49,100); Byumba (34,600); Cyangugu (27,500); Nyanza (25,500); Bugarama (24,700); Kayonza (21,500)
Ethnic Origins: The main ethnic groups in Rwanda are Hutu (Bantu), Tutsi (Hamitic) and Twa (Pygmy).
Official Language: Rwanda has three official languages: Kinyarwanda (the first language of almost the entire population of the country), French and English.
Other Languages Spoken: Swahili (Kiswahili) may soon become the fourth official language of Rwanda. Several dialects are spoken in the country, mainly deriving from Rwanda-Rundi and Bantu languages.
Business Language(s): Mainly French. English is also spoken for business purposes (mainly with foreigners, alongside Kinyarwanda (within nationals).
Religion: Roman Catholic 56.5%, Protestant 26%, Adventist 11.1%, Muslim 4.6%, Indigenous beliefs 0.1%, None 1.7%.
Literacy Rate: 64.9%

Local Time:

It is %T:%M %A In Kigali

Exchange Rate on :

National Currency: Rwandan Franc (RWF)

Country Overview

Area: 26,340 km²
Type of State: Rwanda is a democratic republic.
Type of Economy: Heavily Indebted Poor Country (HIPC).
An economy dominated by agricultural activities.
HDI*: 0.483/1
HDI (World Rank): 163/188

Note: (*) The HDI, Human Development Index, is an Indicator Which Synthesizes Several Data Such as Life Expectancy, Level of Education, Professional Careers, Access to Culture etc.



Telephone Code:
To call from the Rwanda, dial 00
To call the Rwanda, dial +250
Internet Suffix: .rw
Telephone Lines: 0.4 per 100 Inhabitants
Internet Users: 8.0 per 100 Inhabitants
Access to Electricity: 18% of the Population

Foreign Trade in Figures

Foreign Trade Indicators 20162017201820192020
Imports of Goods (million USD) 2,2932,3232,4642,6592,542
Exports of Goods (million USD) 7441,0501,1221,2411,408
Imports of Services (million USD) 1,062904936910543
Exports of Services (million USD) 851729648747295

Source: WTO – World Trade Organisation, Latest Available Data


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Latest Update: November 2022