flag Peru Peru: Travelling

In this page: Entry Requirements | Organising Your Trip | Visiting | Living Conditions | Eating | Paying | Speaking | Useful Resources


Entry Requirements

Passport and Visa Service
Visa Information of the Peruvian Ministry of Foreign Affairs
List of Peru's overseas diplomatic representations (in Spanish)
For Further Information
Check IATA Travel Website for visa requirements and health advices.

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Organising Your Trip

Means of Transport Recommended in Town

The local bus network is cheap but not very comfortable; security is sometimes uncertain. For urban journeys, the use of standardized taxis (yellow) is very common. As these taxis do not have meters, you should always negotiate the fare and check that the company you have chosen is reliable.
Maps of Urban Networks
UT Library on line

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Transportation From Airport to City Centre:






Car Rental
Lima - Callao/Chavez Intl (LIM) 16 km / 10 miles USD 10-18 / 25-30 min USD 0.25 - Available

Means of Transport Recommended in the Rest of the Country

Several airline companies cover domestic links very well: Lan Peru, LC Busre, Star Peru, Aerocondor. Their fares are almost identical. There are 4 railway lines: Lima-La Oroya-Huancayo; Cuzco-Juliaca-Puno, Cuzco-Machu Picchu ; Juliaca-Arequipa-Matarani. There are several large bus companies: Cruz del Sur, Tepsa, Ittsa, Linea, Ormeno.
Rail Companies
Peru rail

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Name Type Domestic Flights International Flights
Aerocondor Major YES
Aerotransporte S.A. Major YES
LATAM Major Yes
Lc Busre Major YES
Avianca Major Yes

You Can Consult The EU Air Safety List. Look Also at the rating of the United States Federal Aviation Administration (FAA).

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Travelling By Yourself

Except in the cities and on the PANAMERICANA highway the condition of the roads is generally bad. Mountain roads are difficult, or even dangerous as they are badly maintained and very steep. There are no problems in finding fuel. It is not advisable to drive by night. In case of a vehicle rental, take out an insurance policy for yourself and for possible damage caused to third parties before you travel. A good option is to hire a taxi driver through your hotel. They normally have access to friendly drivers who know the areas of interest and will even speak English.
Road Maps
Map of Lima
Map of Cuzco
Map of Puno
Getting Around with Public Transport in Lima
Find an Itinerary
General information about Peru, guide to local transport.

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Different Forms of Tourism

- The most important historic city in Peru: Machu Picchu.
- The capital of the Chimu Kingdom, Chan Chan.
- The Nazca lines, famous geoglyphs.
The archeological complex of Chavin, one of the most ancient constructions in the Americas, declared a World Heritage Site in 1985.

Arequipa and the Colca canyon, declared a World Heritage Site in 2000.

Cusco, the navel of the world in the Quechua language, an important crossroads on the Inca roads which linked all of South America, declared a World Heritage Site in 1983.

The National Park of Huascaran, World Natural Heritage Site in 1985. 600 glaciers, 300 lakes and 27 summits which rise to about 6 000 meters.

The National Park of Manu (Puerto Maldonado), World Natural Heritage Site in 1987. A great tropical forest reserve in the world.

The hot springs of Colcamayo on the Inca Jungle Trail, near Santa Teresa. Extremely pleasant after a day's trekking.

The hot springs of Aguascalientes, the nearest town to Machu Picchu (about 8 km away), ideal after the Inca Trail.

Cerro Azul: on Peru's central coast. The beach is very popular with surfers.

La Herradura: on Peru's central coast, in the Chorrillos region. A very popular beach.

Mancora: undoubtedly Peru's most beautiful beach, Mancora delights people with its heavenly peacefulness.

Winter Sports
Not practiced very much.
Outdoor Activities
Trekking (the Inca Trail, the Llama Trek: Olleros-Chavin, the Valley of the Colca, the walk around the Alpamayo, the Trail to Choquerirao,  the Valley of the Cotahuasi, the heights of Taraco, Quebrada Santa Cruz).

Mountain climbing in the Andes (the White Cordillera, the Volcanic Cordillera, the Vilcabamba Cordillera).

Surfing (Organos, Cabo Blanco, Puerto Chicama or Malabrigo, Lima's beaches)

Canoeing (River Tumbes, River Santa, Apurimac Canyon, Rio Colca).

Cycling, climbing, kayaking, paragliding, fishing, diving.

Manufactured goods are the best value for money, especially gold, silver and copper items, as well as textiles such as alpaca clothes and woven tapestries. Many tourists take home with them reproductions of pre-Columbian pottery and calabashes.

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Living Conditions

Health and Safety

Health Precautions

A certificate of vaccination against yellow fever is required for travelers who intend to travel in jungle areas of the country under 2 300 m.  The risk of malaria  P. vivax (70%) and P. falciparum (30%) is high in 21 of the 33 health districts.
You are advised to avoid the foods which present the most risk. Only drink potable water (in sealed bottles, treated, boiled or filtered). 
Insect bites (flies, mosquitos, midges) can transmit diseases. Be careful of altitude sickness.

For Further Information on Sanitary Conditions
Advice for travelers from the US State Department

Emergency Numbers

National Police emergency services 105
Firemen 116
Emergency medical services 117

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Time Difference and Climate

Time and Time Difference
It is %T:%M %A In Lima (GMT-5)
Summer Time Period
From December to April - on the coast

Map of the Time Zone

Time zone

Type of Climate
Peru has a great diversity in its climate. On the coast, there are two distinct regions: the region with an arid subtropical climate, with an average annual temperature of 18.2° and the region with a semi-tropical climate, situated in the north of Peru, with an average annual temperature of 24°. The forest has a tropical climate, with an average annual temperature of 24°.
For Further Information
Servicio nacional de meteorologia e hidrologia del Peru

Average Annual Temperatures and Rainfall



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Food Specialties
Pisco Sauer: Peruvian cocktail based on Pisco (grape spirit).
Papas a la Huancaina: potatoes in a spicy sauce.
El ceviche: raw fish marinated in lemon, spices and red onions.
Common Peruvian drinks are Inca Kola, chicha morada (a purple corn drink), masato (based on fermented yucca cassava). There are also a dozen local beers, including Cusquena, Cristal and Arequipena; there are some good wines and, especially, Pisco.
Dietary Restrictions
There are no dietary restrictions in the country.

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Domestic Currency
Peruvian Nuevo Sol
ISO Code
To Obtain Domestic Currency
The American dollar can be changed in bureaux de change and with informal traders in the street, and also in banks. The Euro can only be changed in bureaux de change without commission or with informal traders in the street.

However, it is not advisable to take traveler's checks in Euros as these can only be changed in Lima, with commission. On the other hand, those in dollars can be changed at the Banco de Credito. You can withdraw money from an ATM with Visa or MasterCard. ATMs are found in all cities now.

Possible Means of Payment
The American dollar is commonly accepted. Credit cards are accepted almost everywhere in Lima, but much less outside the biggest cities. In small towns, ATMs are not always available. ATMs only take international credit cards.

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Official Language
Spanish and Quechua
Other Languages Spoken
This country is home to more than one hundred different languages. However, Quechua is the largest linguistic native group, followed by Aymara.
Business Language
Spanish and English, of which, as a general rule, people do not have a sufficient grasp.
Getting Some Knowledge
Yes: Si 

No: No

Please: Por favor

Thank you: Gracias

Don't mention it: De nada

Good day: Buenos dias

Good afternoon: Buenas tardes

Good night: Buenas noches

Welcome: Bienvenido

How are you?: Como estas?

Very well, very good: Muy bien

Hello: Hola

Goodbye: Chao

See you soon: Hasta luego

I don't know: No sé

I don't understand: no entiendo

My name is...    Me llamo...

Free Translation Tools
Dictionarios.com : Free Spanish-English Dictionary
Babel Fish : Free English-Spanish-English traduction of texts and web pages
Dictionarios.com : Free Spanish-Catalan-English-French Dictionary

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Useful Resources

To Find an Apartment
Renting apartments in Lima

Rental offers
To Find a Job
Accion trabajo
Opcion Empleo

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Latest Update: May 2023