flag Nigeria Nigeria: Introduction

Capital: Abuja

Population

Total Population: 206,139,587
Natural Increase: 2.5%
Density: 226 Inhabitants/km²
Urban Population: 52.0%
Ethnic Origins: As Africa's most populous country, Nigeria is composed of more than 250 ethnic groups of African origin. The largest and most politically influential are the Hausa, the Fulani, the Yoruba and the Igbo/Ibo.
Official Language: English
Other Languages Spoken: There are more than 500 languages spoken in Nigeria. The main ones are Fulfulde, Gbagyi, Hausa, Yoruba, Igbo (Ibo) and Fulani.
Business Language(s): English is Nigeria's official language and is widely used in government and commerce. It is spoken by around 50% of the population with varying degrees of fluency, making Nigeria the largest English-speaking country in Africa.
Religion: Muslim 50%, Christian 40%, Indigenous beliefs 10%.
Literacy Rate: 69.1%

Local Time:

It is %T:%M %A In Abuja

Exchange Rate on :

National Currency: Nigerian Naira (NGN)

Country Overview

Area: 923,770 km²
Type of State: Federal Republic Democracy
Type of Economy: Low-income economy.
The leading African producer and the fifth largest world exporter of petroleum; second greatest receiver of international aid in the world.
HDI*: 0.514/1
HDI (World Rank): 152/188

Note: (*) The HDI, Human Development Index, is an Indicator Which Synthesizes Several Data Such as Life Expectancy, Level of Education, Professional Careers, Access to Culture etc.


Telecommunication

Telephone Code:
To call from Nigeria, dial 009
To call Nigeria, dial +234
Internet Suffix: .ng
Computers: 0.9 per 100 Inhabitants
Telephone Lines: 0.3 per 100 Inhabitants
Internet Users: 32.9 per 100 Inhabitants
Access to Electricity: 55.6% of the Population

Foreign Trade in Figures

 
Foreign Trade Indicators 20162017201820192020
Imports of Goods (million USD) 39,00031,27343,00755,25755,390
Exports of Goods (million USD) 32,80044,46860,54762,53135,634
Imports of Services (million USD) 12,31817,97330,62538,45219,598
Exports of Services (million USD) 3,7184,5414,3514,4863,533

Source: WTO – World Trade Organisation, Latest Available Data

 

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Latest Update: April 2022