flag Namibia Namibia: Travelling

In this page: Entry Requirements | Organising Your Trip | Visiting | Living Conditions | Eating | Paying | Speaking | Useful Resources

 

Entry Requirements

Passport and Visa Service
The Embassy of Namibia in the US - Visa Information
For Further Information
Diplomatic Missions of Namibia
 
Check IATA Travel Website for visa requirements and health advices.
 

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Organising Your Trip

Means of Transport Recommended in Town

Recommendation
Shared taxis are the most common form of public transport in the capital city of Windhoek. They usually run between the townships and main industrial and commercial areas of the city. They do not run on fixed routes and fares may differ depending on the destination (whether they are on the route or out of the way). Fares vary between NAD 10 and NAD 30. Private taxis also exist; however, they are hard to hail on the street. They usually have be to pre-booked via telephone. Alternatively, there are taxi stands in some central areas (Tourist Information Office, intersection of Independence Avenue and Fidel Castro Street, etc.). Private taxis run on fixed price (which should be negotiated before getting on) and are not metered.
Maps of Urban Networks
Windhoek Express - Bus Network

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Transportation From Airport to City Centre:


Airport

Distance

Taxi

Bus

Train

Car Rental
Hosea Kutako International Airport 40-45 km NAD 300-350 NAD 100-150 - -
Eros Airport 5 km NAD 100 NAD 50 - -

Means of Transport Recommended in the Rest of the Country

Recommendation
Namibia has one of the best road networks in Africa as road construction and maintenance adheres to international standards. The majority of roads are not tarred; however, they are usually covered with gravel or bitumen. 4x4s are recommended for trips outside the capital.
Rail transport is extensive and trains run from the northernmost point of the country all the way to South Africa (the only international connection via rail). Combis (minibuses) are common for transport between cities; however, they usually do not have fixed timetables and only leave when full. Bus services exist to/from Cape Town and Johannesburg in South Africa, Livingstone in Zambia and Gaborone in Botswana.

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Airlines

Name Type Domestic Flights International Flights
Air Namibia National Yes Yes
Scenic Air Charter Yes No

You Can Consult The EU Air Safety List. Look Also at the rating of the United States Federal Aviation Administration (FAA).

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Travelling By Yourself

Recommendation
Namibia has one of the best road networks in Sub-Saharan Africa; however, most highways are not tarred (usually covered with gravel or bitumen). A 4x4 is not absolutely necessary but recommended, especially to have more grip when driving on gravel or sand roads. Namibia is very sparsely populated (the second sparsely populated country in the world after Mongolia) and distances are very long, therefore it is recommended to pack extra food, water and warm clothing (for lower temperatures at night) and fill up whenever you pass up a petrol station. Drivers should also pay attention to animals that roam freely outside large cities (road signs usually indicate when to be cautious). Driving at dusk and in the evening, is not recommended as these are the times when animals are livelier and road lamps are not widely available.
Despite extensive road safety legislation, enforcement is low (especially in the drink-driving law and child restraints usage law). Namibia also has a high traffic-related death rate (23 people killed per 100,000 inhabitants every year, WHO).
Road Maps
Detailed Map of Namibia
Map of Namibia - Road and distances
Find an Itinerary
Via Michelin - Namibia Road Map
ResearchGate - Namibia Road Network

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Visiting

Different Forms of Tourism

Historical
  • Twyfelfontein
  • Kolmanskop Ghost Town
  • Katutura Township
  • The Goerke House
  • Woermannhaus
  • Hohenzollernhaus
  • Karakul Statue
  • Hendrik Tseib Statue
  • Kaiserliches Postamt
Cultural
  • Ngoma Crafts Centre
  • Sheshe Crafts Centre
  • Swakopmund Museum
  • Twyfelfontein
  • Reiterdenkmal (The Equestrian Monument) (Windhoek)
  • Owela Museum
  • National Art Gallery of Namibia
  • Heroes' Acre (Windhoek)
Nature
  • The Namib Desert and Namib Sand Sea
  • The Fish River Canyon
  • The Petrified Forest
  • The Quiver Tree Forest
  • Sossusvlei (Hidden Vlei)
  • Mesosaurus Fossil Site
  • Brukkaros Volcano
  • Namib-Naukluft National Park
  • Erindi Game Reserve
  • Okonijima Nature Reserve
  • Etosha National Park
  • Mahango Game Reserve (Caprivi)
  • Caprivi Game Park
Religious
  • Christ Church (or Christuskirche) (Windhoek)
  • St. Mary's Cathedral (Windhoek)
  • Felsenkirsche (Luderitz)
  • German Evangelical Lutheran Church (Swakopmund)
Thermal
  • Ai-Ais Hot Springs (Karas Region, southern Namibia)
  • Grootfontein (Otjozondjupa Region, central Namibia)
  • Gross Barmen (Otjozondjupa Region)
  • Warmbad (Karas Region, southern Namibia)
Beach
Namibia has a long coastline; however, the water is usually too cold to swim, due to the Benguela Current, a cold ocean current flowing north from Antarctica in the Atlantic beside Namibia. The chilled, moist air from the ocean and the warm, dry air from the land often causes fog to form along the coast. The Skeleton Coast is filled with more than a thousand shipwrecks of vessels that lost their way in the thick fog and were destroyed in the heavy surf. It is also a popular place among anglers.
Outdoor Activities
Safari is the most popular outdoor activity in Namibia. Desert exploration (quad bike, ATV, 4WD, etc.) and kayaking (among dolphins and seals in Walvis Bay) are other popular outdoor activities.
Shopping
Namibia can be a good place to buy crystal and gems as the country is home to many diamond mines. Gypsum desert rose and tiger's eye are among attractive souvenir items. Woodcarvings are common in the regions of Kavango and Caprivi. Bushmen crafts, in the Kalahari region, are among the most original available on the continent.
Tourism Organisations
Namibia Tourism Board

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Living Conditions

Health and Safety

Health Precautions
There are no specific vaccination requirements to enter Namibia (except for the yellow fever vaccine fo those coming from a country with risk of yellow fever transmission). Nevertheless, WHO and Center for Disease Control and Prevention recommend the following vaccines before entering Namibia: Hepatitis A, Typhoid, Hepatitis B and Rabies. Cholera cases have also been recorded in Namibia, especially in the northwestern region of Kunene.
For Further Information on Sanitary Conditions
Center for Disease Control and Prevention - Namibia Travel Information
UK Foreign Travel Advice - Namibia
For Further Information on Safety Conditions
U.S. Department of State - Namibia Travel Information
Foreign and Commonwealth Office - Namibia Travel Advice
Government of Canada - Namibia Travel Advice
 

Emergency Numbers

Police 10111
Windhoek City Police +264 (61) 290 2239 / 290 2018
Windhoek Fire Brigade +264 (61) 211 111
MedRescue 081924
 

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Time Difference and Climate

Time and Time Difference
It is %T:%M %A In Windhoek (GMT+1 in winter and GMT+2 in summer)
Summer Time Period
Daylight saving time between 1st Sunday of September to 1st Sunday of April. 
 

Map of the Time Zone

Time zone

Type of Climate
The climate in Namibia is generally arid, with hot and dry weather for much of the year. With an average of 300 days of sunshine, Namibia is one of the sunniest countries in the world. Temperatures tend to vary considerably due to elevation or distance from sea. It is generally hot throughout the country from December to March, with the rainy season starting in January (especially in the northeast of the country). Rainfall might still occur between April and May; however, temperatures start to drop. The winter is between June and September. The country receives almost no precipitation during this season and temperatures are moderate to warm. Nights tend to be cold (especially in the inland and the desert). Temperatures rise again between October and November with little rainfall. Namib and Kalahari Desert are the hottest parts of the country, with temperatures rising above 40°C in summer. The Caprivi Strip in the northeast has the highest rainfall and is the greenest part of the country. Fogs are very common along the Atlantic coast and temperatures are moderate both in winter and summer.
For Further Information
Info Namibia - Climate
 

Average Annual Temperatures and Rainfall

Climate

 

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Eating

Food Specialties
The Namibian cuisine shares some of the characteristics of the Southern African cuisine and is heavily influenced by the German cuisine (and Afrikaner to some extent) owing to the country's colonial past. Nambia's ethnic groups have their own specialties. Game, oryx and antelope meat are among the most widely available dishes. Air-dried (biltong) smoked (rauchfleisch) meat are among the local specialties. Seafood is also popular, especially along the Atlantic coast (kingklip, kabeljou and several types of shellfish). Vegetable-based dishes and fruits are not common due to Namibia's arid climate (most vegetable and fruits are imported from South Africa). German influence is reflected particularly in desserts as some of the most common specialties include Apfelstrudel (apple strudel), Sachertorte (a chocolate cake layered with apricot jam) and Schwartzwälder Kirschtorte (Black Forest cake). Afrikaner sweets, such as koeksesters (small doughnuts dripping with honey) and melktart (milk tart), are also common.
Drinks
Beer is by far the most popular drink in Namibia and there are several varieties throughout the country. Windhoek lager is the most common type of beer and some local specialties include Oshikundu, a millet-based beer and Epwaka, a mahangu (type of cereal)-based beer. Vigo is a popular Namibian soft drink and comes in three local flavours: Marula (a type of fruit), Wild Orange and Kiwano (type of melon). Neuras red wine, which comes from Naankuse Vineyard, the driest vineyard in the world, is another local specialty.
Dietary Restrictions
None

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Paying

Domestic Currency
Namibian Dollar
ISO Code
NAD
To Obtain Domestic Currency
Foreign currency can be exchanged at banks, bureaux de change, and authorised hotels; however, rates tend to be unfavourable. It is possible to withdraw Namibian dollar from ATMs using foreign cards (especially in big cities). South African Rand can be used freely throughout Namibia (rand is a legal tender in Namibia and pegged to Namibian dollar).
Possible Means of Payment
ATMs accept most foreign cards; however, they may be hard to come by outside of large cities. Petrol stations and certain tourism facilities tend to be cash only.

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Speaking

Official Language
English
Other Languages Spoken
Oshiwambo, Nama, Afrikaans, German. (Afrikaans and German are recognised as minority languages).
Business Language
English
Getting Some Knowledge
Please visit the website of Omniglot for an introduction to the Oshiwambo language.
Free Translation Tools
Afrikaans-English Dictionary :

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Latest Update: April 2022