flag Myanmar Myanmar: Introduction

Capital: Naypyidaw

Population

Total Population: 54,409,794
Natural Increase: 0.7%
Density: 83 Inhabitants/km²
Urban Population: 31.1%
Ethnic Origins: The population is comprised of over 135 native tribes and sub-tribes. The majority Burman (Bamar) ethnic group makes up about 70% of the population and dominates the military and Government. The minority ethnic groups include the Shans, Karens, Kachins, Rakhines and Chins. Indians and Chinese are also present in Myanmar. (Embassy of the Republic of the Union of Myanmar)
Official Language: Burmese
Other Languages Spoken: Arakanese, Chinese, Jingpho, Kado, Karen, Kayan, Palaung, Parauk, Shan, Wa, and many others
Business Language(s): English
Religion: Buddhism (89%), Christianity (4%), Islam (4%), Hinduism (1%), Others 2%.
Literacy Rate: 89.9%

Local Time:

It is %T:%M %A In Rangoon

Exchange Rate on :

National Currency: Myanmar Kyat (MMK)

Country Overview

Area: 676,590 km²
Type of State: Union. Military junta.
Type of Economy: Low-income economy.
The political regime is subject to international sanctions; very sizeable drug traffic and unofficial economy.
HDI*: 0.536/1
HDI (World Rank): 148/188

Note: (*) The HDI, Human Development Index, is an Indicator Which Synthesizes Several Data Such as Life Expectancy, Level of Education, Professional Careers, Access to Culture etc.


Telecommunication

Telephone Code:
To call from Myanmar, dial 00
To call Myanmar, dial +95
Internet Suffix: .mm
Telephone Lines: 1.1 per 100 Inhabitants
Internet Users: 1.1 per 100 Inhabitants
Access to Electricity: 52.36% of the Population

Foreign Trade in Figures

 
Foreign Trade Indicators 20162017201820192020
Imports of Goods (million USD) 16,60019,25319,35518,58817,947
Exports of Goods (million USD) 11,00013,87916,70417,99716,692
Imports of Services (million USD) n/a2,8633,3733,5843,421
Exports of Services (million USD) n/a3,7564,4216,4594,332

Source: WTO – World Trade Organisation, Latest Available Data

 

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Latest Update: October 2022