flag Mozambique Mozambique: Travelling

In this page: Entry Requirements | Organising Your Trip | Visiting | Living Conditions | Eating | Paying | Speaking | Useful Resources


Entry Requirements

Passport and Visa Service
Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Cooperation
Mozambique's diplomatic representations
For Further Information
Check IATA Travel Website for visa requirements and health advices.

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Organising Your Trip

Means of Transport Recommended in Town

Car rentals are available in most major towns, but should preferably be arranged for in advance.
Maps of Urban Networks
Google Maps

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Transportation From Airport to City Centre:






Car Rental
Maputo International Airport (MPM) 6 km/20 min USD 18/20 min n/a n/a Available

Means of Transport Recommended in the Rest of the Country

Due to bad road conditions and poor driving and vehicles standards, traffic accidents are common. Always drive carefully and be aware of pedestrians using the roads. Outside Maputo and other major cities, it is recommended to travel by road only during daylight, possibly remaining on major roads and travelling in convoy in rural areas. Fuel is often not available outside of larger towns.
Mozambique does not have a very good public transport network and there are limited train services in the country.
Buses only operate between major towns where roads are good. In rural areas, converted passenger trucks - chapa-cems (or just chapas) or normal trucks (camions) - work as collective taxis. Along the coast, there are some ferry services.
Flights operated by the Government-owned airline LAM are prone to cancellation without notice.

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Name Type Domestic Flights International Flights
LAM Major Yes Yes

You Can Consult The EU Air Safety List. Look Also at the rating of the United States Federal Aviation Administration (FAA).

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Travelling By Yourself

If stopped by a traffic cop (official uniform is white shirt and navy blue trousers) for a traffic offence, tourists might be asked to pay a spot fine. When paying, always insist on a ticket and an official numbered receipt containing the officers name. Regular police officers (official uniform is grey) have no authority to issue traffic fines.
Road Maps
Google Maps
Find an Itinerary
Ministry of Tourism and Culture

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Different Forms of Tourism

The Mozambique Island, with its African, Portuguese, Swahili and French influences, represents one of the country's historical highlights.
Pemba, a port city founded in 1904, is also a popular tourist destination.
There are several museums to be visited in major cities, like the Natural History Museum and the National Art Museum in Maputo, the Mozambique National Ethnographic Museum in Nampula, and the Machilla Magic in Vilankulo (a fair trade tourism certified community project that works with over 60 artists and their families).
The most famous touristic spots for activities related to nature are the Gorongosa National Park, the Naissa Reserve, and the Tunduru Botanical Gardens in Maputo.
Among the most characteristic religious sites there are the Igreja de Santo Antonio da Polana, the Cathedral of Our Lady of the Immaculate Conception and the Fortaleza da Nossa Senhora da Conceicao in Maputo.
Some hotels in Mozambique offer SPA services, like Polana Serena Hotel, Diamonds Mequfi Beach Resort and Hotel Avenida.
Among the most famous beaches in the country, there are: the Bazaruto Archipelago, Ponta Mamoli, Wimbi Beach, Tofo Beach and the Quirimbas Archipelago.
Winter Sports
Being a tropical country, Mozambique does not offer winter sports activities.
Outdoor Activities
Several tour agencies organize safaris in the main national parks, as well as other outdoor activities (like diving).
Several shopping malls can be found in Mozambique, including: Polana Shopping Centre, Maputo Shopping Centre and Baia Mall in Maputo; Matola Mall in Novare; Centro Comercial in Nampula.
In every major city and touristic areas, it is possible to find traditional handcrafts.

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Living Conditions

Health and Safety

Health Precautions
Hospital facilities are generally poor in Mozambique, especially in the north of the country.
Recommended vaccines include diphtheria, hepatitis A, tetanus; vaccines against hepatitis B, rabies and typhoid can be considered helpful. Individuals at highest risk may consider getting a vaccination against cholera.
A yellow fever vaccination certificate is required from travellers aged 9 months or over arriving from countries with risk of yellow fever transmission, as well as for travellers having transited more than 12 hours through the airport of a country with risk of yellow fever transmission.
For Further Information on Sanitary Conditions
List of medical facilities by the UK Government
For Further Information on Safety Conditions
Visit the website of the UK Government on safety and security in Mozambique
Contact Your Embassy
Mauritian Embassy in Mozambique
42, Nwamatibyane Street Sommerschield, Maputo
Tel: 020 258 2149 4196 (High Commissioner)
Fax: 020 258 2101 7189

Emergency Numbers

Police 112, 119 or + 258 21 325031.
Fire Services 198 or +258 21 322222
Fire Brigade 998/999

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Time Difference and Climate

Time and Time Difference
It is %T:%M %A In Maputo (Central Africa Time (CAT) - UTC +2)
Summer Time Period
December to February.

Map of the Time Zone

Time zone

Type of Climate
Mozambique is located in south-east Africa and has a tropical climate, characterized by a hot and rainy season from November to March, and a dry season from May to October. From mid-May to mid-August the temperature are a slightly cooler. In inland areas, especially in the north-central, there are highlands and mountain ranges, where the altitude tempers the climate, but in the lowlands the heat can be intense both during the summer and in the period before the start of the rainy season (September to November). Mozambique has reversed seasons compared with Europe or North America, as the country is located in the Southern hemisphere.
For Further Information
National Institute of Meteorology (Instituto Nacional de Meteorologia de Moçambique)

Average Annual Temperatures and Rainfall



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Food Specialties
The Mozambican cuisine is predominantly African, though it has been widely influenced by the Portuguese one. The most common food for many Mozambicans is ncima, a thick porridge made from maize/corn flour. Grilled-food and seafood are popular and the rich spices are used to add flavor to the dishes. Cuisines of Mozambique also include cassava, rice and coconut. The country has a vast variety of fruits, like avocados, papayas, bananas, oranges, and grapefruits. Other specialties include piri-pirichicken, matapa, wusa and pao.
The most common drinks in Mozambique include tea, known as "cha", coffee and a locally brewed beer made from maize, often drunk from a common pot. The most common local brews are called Nipa and are made from the fruit of the cashew as well as cassava, mango and sugar cane.
Dietary Restrictions
Around 18% of the population in Mozambique are Muslim, thus normally do not eat pork and meat (unless it is “halal”, which means it is permissible or lawful in traditional Islamic religion), nor drink alcohol.

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Domestic Currency
Mozambique Metical
ISO Code
To Obtain Domestic Currency
It is possible to withdraw the local currency directly from banks’ ATMs (fees apply). There is a wide array of forex businesses.
Possible Means of Payment
Payments are generally in cash but hotels and bigger establishments may accept credit cards.

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Official Language
Other Languages Spoken
Swahili, Makhuwa, Sena, Ndau, and Shangaan (Tsonga).
Business Language
Portuguese or English
Getting Some Knowledge
Portuguese phrasebook
Free Translation Tools
Word Reference : Dictionary Portuguese-English
Portuguese phrases : Expressions in Portuguese

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Useful Resources

To Find an Apartment
Mozambique Houses
Pam Golding

To Find a Job
Careers in Africa

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Latest Update: March 2023