flag Madagascar Madagascar: Introduction

Capital: Antananarivo

Population

Total Population: 27,691,019
Natural Increase: 2.6%
Density: 48 Inhabitants/km²
Urban Population: 38.5%
Population of main cities including suburbs: Antananarivo (1,274,300); Toamasina (325,900); Antsirabe (246,400); Mahajanga (246,100); Fianarantsoa (191,800); Toliara (168,800); Antsiranana (129,400); Sambava (84,100)
Ethnic Origins: The country is mainly composed of Afro-Asians of more than 18 different ethnicities (Malay-Indonesians, Coasters, etc.), representing the majority of the population. Minorities include Comorians, Europeans, Indians and Chinese.
Official Language: French, Malagasy
Other Languages Spoken: English
Business Language(s): French or English (with non-French native speakers)
Religion: Traditional beliefs: 52%, Christians: 41%, Muslims: 7%.
Literacy Rate: 70.7%

Local Time:

It is %T:%M %A In Antananarivo

Exchange Rate on :

National Currency: Malagasy Ariary (MGA)

Country Overview

Area: 587,295 km²
Type of State: Democratic Republic.
Type of Economy: Low-income economy.
Economy based on agriculture, mines and tourism; it depends on international aid.
HDI*: 0.510/1
HDI (World Rank): 154/188

Note: (*) The HDI, Human Development Index, is an Indicator Which Synthesizes Several Data Such as Life Expectancy, Level of Education, Professional Careers, Access to Culture etc.


Telecommunication

Telephone Code:
To call from Madagascar, dial 00
To call Madagascar, dial +261
Internet Suffix: .mg
Telephone Lines: 0.7 per 100 Inhabitants
Internet Users: 2.1 per 100 Inhabitants
Access to Electricity: 15.4% of the Population

Foreign Trade in Figures

 
Foreign Trade Indicators 20162017201820192020
Imports of Goods (million USD) 2,8143,6704,0613,9423,224
Exports of Goods (million USD) 2,0632,8483,1102,6961,987
Imports of Services (million USD) 1,0221,0891,1231,022650
Exports of Services (million USD) 9841,2441,3411,449626

Source: WTO – World Trade Organisation, Latest Available Data

 

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Latest Update: April 2022