flag Libya Libya: Introduction

Capital: Tripoli


Total Population: 6,871,287
Natural Increase: 1.4%
Density: 4 Inhabitants/km²
Urban Population: 80.7%
Population of main cities (including suburbs): Tripoli (940,700); Benghazi (562,100); Misratah (502,700); Murqub (448,300); Jafara (443,800)
Ethnic Origins: About 89% is Arab and/or Berber. The country has a very large majority of Arabs, a few Tuaregs (essentially in the Fezzan, along the border with Algeria and Niger) and a minority that identifies as Berber (in the Djebel Nefusa and at Zwara). (Bureau of Statistics and Census Libya)
Official Language: Arabic
Other Languages Spoken: English, Italian.
Business Language(s): English
Religion: Sunni Muslims (97% of the population).
Literacy Rate: 84.2%

Local Time:

It is %T:%M %A In Tripoli

Exchange Rate on :

National Currency: Lybian Dinar (LYD)

Country Overview

Area: 1,759,540 km²
Type of State: Republic (in transition).
Type of Economy: Upper-middle-income economy dependent on the hydrocarbon sector. The country is in economic transition..
Since 1999, the Libyan authorities have aimed at making the Libyan economy more efficient through a policy of opening up and liberalization which benefits the private sector and investment. Libya is currently facing a political transition which affects its economy.
HDI*: 0.724/1
HDI (World Rank): 94/188

Note: (*) The HDI, Human Development Index, is an Indicator Which Synthesizes Several Data Such as Life Expectancy, Level of Education, Professional Careers, Access to Culture etc.



Telephone Code:
To call from Libya, dial 00
To call Libya, dial +218
Internet Suffix: .ly
Telephone Lines: 12.6 per 100 Inhabitants
Internet Users: 19.9 per 100 Inhabitants
Access to Electricity: 100% of the Population

Foreign Trade in Figures

Foreign Trade Indicators 20162017201820192020
Imports of Goods (million USD) 10,60011,35713,78616,54313,396
Exports of Goods (million USD) 6,00018,37929,83025,7327,741
Imports of Services (million USD) n/a3,7494,5286,5380
Exports of Services (million USD) n/a1071341340

Source: WTO – World Trade Organisation, Latest Available Data


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Latest Update: November 2022