flag Ghana Ghana: Introduction

Capital: Accra


Total Population: 31,072,945
Natural Increase: 2.1%
Density: 137 Inhabitants/km²
Urban Population: 57.3%
Ethnic Origins: There is no official data on ethnic groups. However, the main ethnic groups in Ghana are Akan, Mole-Dagbon, Ewe, Ga-Dangme, Gurma, Guan, Grusi and Mande-Busanga.
Official Language: English
Other Languages Spoken: Asante, Ewe, Fante, Bono (Brong), Dagomba, Dangme, Dagarte (Dagaba), Akyem, Ga , Akuapem
Business Language(s): English
Religion: Christian 68.8%, Muslim 15.9%, Traditional 8.5%, Others 0.7%, None 6.1%.
Literacy Rate: 57.9%

Local Time:

It is %T:%M %A In Accra

Exchange Rate on :

National Currency: Ghanaian Cedi (GHS)

Country Overview

Area: 238,540 km²
Type of State: Constitutional Democratic Republic.
Type of Economy: Low-income economy.
It depends on foreign aid and exports of gold and cocoa.
HDI*: 0.579/1
HDI (World Rank): 140/188

Note: (*) The HDI, Human Development Index, is an Indicator Which Synthesizes Several Data Such as Life Expectancy, Level of Education, Professional Careers, Access to Culture etc.


Telephone Code:
To call from Ghana, dial 00
To call Ghana, dial +233
Internet Suffix: .gh
Telephone Lines: 1.1 per 100 Inhabitants
Internet Users: 17.1 per 100 Inhabitants
Access to Electricity: 64.06% of the Population

Foreign Trade in Figures

Foreign Trade Indicators 20162017201820192020
Imports of Goods (million USD) 13,35212,64713,13413,41112,429
Exports of Goods (million USD) 11,28313,83514,94315,66814,472
Imports of Services (million USD) 6,2988,4788,96110,94810,155
Exports of Services (million USD) 6,0886,4707,5639,8708,058

Source: WTO – World Trade Organisation, Latest Available Data


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Latest Update: November 2022