flag Colombia Colombia: Introduction

Capital: Bogotá D.C. (Capital District)

Population

Total Population: 50,882,884
Natural Increase: 1.1%
Density: 46 Inhabitants/km²
Urban Population: 81.4%
Population of main metropolitan areas: Bogota (7,715,800); Medellin (2,490,200); Cali (2,205,700); Barranquilla (1,273,600); Cartagena (914,600); Soacha (749,000); Cúcuta (748,900); Soledad (664,100); Bucaramanga (597,300); Bello (536,400); Villavicencio (502,000); Ibagué (502,000)
Ethnic Origins: About 87% of the population is of European and mestizo origin. Around 9% of Colombians are Afro-Colombian (including mulattos, raizals and palenqueros). The remaining 4% are of Amerindian origin. (National Administrative Department of Statistics of Colombia)
Official Language: Spanish.
Other Languages Spoken: There are still approximately 60 Amerindian languages in Colombia, as well as Palenquero, which is spoken by the Afro-descendants of the Palenque region.
Business Language(s): Spanish, English.
Religion: Catholics 95.2%, Others 4.8%.
Literacy Rate: 92.8%

Local Time:

It is %T:%M %A In Bogotá

Exchange Rate on :

National Currency: Colombian Peso (COP)

Country Overview

Area: 1,141,750 km²
Type of State: Republic based on parliamentary democracy.
Type of Economy: Lower-middle-income economy; emerging financial market; rapidly expanding services sector.
Rich in mineral resources; high level of informal economy
HDI*: 0.720/1
HDI (World Rank): 97/188

Note: (*) The HDI, Human Development Index, is an Indicator Which Synthesizes Several Data Such as Life Expectancy, Level of Education, Professional Careers, Access to Culture etc.


Colombia

Telecommunication

Telephone Code:
To call from Colombia, dial 005, 007 or 009.
To call Colombia, dial To call a landline: +57 then the department code and the 7 figure telephone number. To call a mobile phone: +57 then the number of the mobile phone.
Internet Suffix: .co
Computers: 4.2 per 100 Inhabitants
Telephone Lines: 13.2 per 100 Inhabitants
Internet Users: 49.0 per 100 Inhabitants
Access to Electricity: 97% of the Population

Foreign Trade in Figures

 
Foreign Trade Indicators 20162017201820192020
Imports of Goods (million USD) 44,89046,07651,23352,70343,489
Exports of Goods (million USD) 31,04536,89741,77439,48931,008
Imports of Services (million USD) 10,81612,29613,37313,7669,092
Exports of Services (million USD) 7,7968,1719,4799,7944,896

Source: WTO – World Trade Organisation, Latest Available Data

 

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Latest Update: June 2022