flag Andorra Andorra: Investing

FDI in Figures

For many years, Andorra's status as a 'tax haven' has attracted foreign investment. Over the last years, the Andorran government has been seeking to establish a modern and transparent regulatory framework and to promote diversification and growth. UNCTAD does not release any information upon FDI data on Andorra. According to the latest data from the Ministry of the Presidency, Economy and Business, in 2018 FDIs inflows represented 5.5% of GDP, from 3.1% in the previous year. Spain and Luxembourg are the largest investors in Andorra, accounting for more than half of inflows (40.3% and 19.7%, respectively). The largest investments are in real estate and construction (37.9% of total FDI), property (30.8%), wholesale and retail (18.3%), as financial services receive more than 10% of inflows (Invest in Andorra data). Despite the Covid-19 pandemic, Andorra has attracted the interest of foreign investors: in the first half of 2021, 535 authorizations have been granted, 93% more than the same period in 2019 and 254% more than in 2020 (Andorran government).

The country's economy has been open to FDI since the approval of a law on foreign investment in 2012. Foreign companies are now allowed to retain 100% ownership of their businesses (although governmental approval must be obtained). However, even before the introduction of the new law, more than 200 economic activities (including cosmetic medicine, manufacturing, broadcasting, e-commerce, research and development, etc.) were already fully open to foreign investment. The Andorran government has committed to normalising its policies, notably by lifting bank secrecy; and the country's legal framework has adapted to international standards. The most significant laws passed by Parliament to support economic opening include the law of Companies (October 2007), the Law of Business Accounting (December 2007), and the Law of Foreign Investment (April 2008 and June 2012). The Principality was, therefore, removed from the list of tax havens, but its attractiveness to international investors has suffered as a result. While the country's tax burden remains weaker than the European average, the Andorran government introduced an income tax at the behest of the OECD. The tax applies to anyone who lives in the principality for at least 183 days in a calendar year, at a maximum rate of 10%. Andorra’s government also relaxed its residency and investment laws to make the country more attractive to foreign investors. A person now must spend 90 days a year in the principality to qualify for “passive residency”, compared with the previous 180-day requirement. Foreigners now have the same property ownership rights as citizens. Moreover, Andorran financial institutions and banks have been using International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS) for accounting purposes since 2017 and in 2019 the country joined the Single Euro Payments Area (SEPA), which makes bank transfers in and out of Andorra more transparent. The national government created the ACTUA-Invest program as Andorra’s economic development and promotion office: it provides grants for small and medium-sized companies to foster competitiveness and facilitate their internationalization. Overall, Andorra presents many advantages for international investors: the country's geographical position between France and Spain offers an attractive market for investors; social and employer contributions are relatively small, which leads to competitive operational costs. Additionally, the Principality's labour market is flexible, multilingual and well-adapted to the needs of companies.


Country Comparison For the Protection of Investors

  Andorra United States Germany
Foreign Direct Investment 201920202021
Number of Greenfield Investments*
Value of Greenfield Investments (million USD) 127013

Source: UNCTAD - Latest available data

Note: * Greenfield Investments are a form of Foreign Direct Investment where a parent company starts a new venture in a foreign country by constructing new operational facilities from the ground up.


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Tax Rates

indirect general tax (IGI) - Impuesto general indirecto (Local name)
The rate is 4.5% on most goods, and 9.5% on operations provided by banking and financial services.
Moreover, a super-reduced rate of 1% is applied to some basic foodstuff (excluding alcoholic beverages), private tuition, newspapers and water; while a 2.5% rate applies on fees charged by tourism operators and works of art.
Medicines; hospital services and healthcare; veterinary services; education services, lease of buildings for private use are zero-rated.
Company Tax
Withholding Taxes
Dividends: 0%, Interests: 0%, Royalties: 5%.
Social Security Contributions Paid By Employers
Other Domestic Resources
Andorra Ministry of Finance
Overview of Andorra's tax measures in response to Covid-19
Consult Doing Business Website, to obtain a summary of the taxes and mandatory contributions.

Individual Taxes

Income tax up to 10%
Up to EUR 24,000 0%
EUR 24,000 - 40,000 5%
Above EUR 40,000 10%
Married couples
Up to EUR 40,000 0%
Above EUR 40,000 10%

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Investment Opportunities

Tenders, Projects and Public Procurement
Tenders Info, Tenders in Andorra
DgMarket, Tenders Worldwide

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Latest Update: February 2023