flag Algeria Algeria: Introduction

Capital: Algiers

Population

Total Population: 43,851,043
Natural Increase: 1.8%
Density: 18 Inhabitants/km²
Urban Population: 73.7%
Population of main cities: Algiers (2,364,300); Oran (803,400); Constantine (448,100); Annaba (342,700); Blida (331,800); Batna (289,500); Djelfa (265,900); Setif (252,200); Sidi Bel Abbès (210,200); Biskra (204,700)
Ethnic Origins: The Algerian population is essentially of Amazigh (Berber) and Arab origin, with many Amazigh subgroups (Kabyles, Chaouia, Mzab, etc.). Algeria's European population is estimated at about 1%. (National Office of Statistics of Algeria)
Official Language: Arabic and the indigenous Berber (Tamazight) language are the official languages. Tamazight was recognised as an official language in February 2016, although Arabic remains the language of government.
Other Languages Spoken: Most Algerians speak dialectal Arabic. Tamazight is the second national language. French is still used by many Algerians, especially in the administration.
Business Language(s): French and Arabic are generally the language of business, although some companies use English.
Religion: Sunni Muslims: 99%; Others (includes Jews and Christians): less than 1%
Literacy Rate: 87.7%

Local Time:

It is %T:%M %A In Algiers

Exchange Rate on :

National Currency: Algerian Dinar (DZD)

Country Overview

Area: 2,381,741 km²
Type of State: Algeria is a constitutional representative democracy. It is based on a multi-party semi-presidential regime.
Type of Economy: Lower-middle-income economy.
A country that depends a lot on its petroleum and gas activity; Algeria is a major producer of cork and a major cattle producer
HDI*: 0.736/1
HDI (World Rank): 83/188

Note: (*) The HDI, Human Development Index, is an Indicator Which Synthesizes Several Data Such as Life Expectancy, Level of Education, Professional Careers, Access to Culture etc.


Algeria

Telecommunication

Telephone Code:
To call from Algeria, dial 00
To call Algeria, dial +213
Internet Suffix: .dz
Computers: 1.1 per 100 Inhabitants
Telephone Lines: 8.8 per 100 Inhabitants
Internet Users: 15.2 per 100 Inhabitants
Access to Electricity: 100% of the Population

Foreign Trade in Figures

 
Foreign Trade Indicators 20162017201820192020
Imports of Goods (million USD) 46,72746,05946,33041,93435,122
Exports of Goods (million USD) 28,88335,19141,79735,82421,617
Imports of Services (million USD) 3,06910,83711,3949,4307,743
Exports of Services (million USD) 3,5612,9153,2253,1543,053

Source: WTO – World Trade Organisation, Latest Available Data

 

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Latest Update: May 2022