flag Afghanistan Afghanistan: Introduction

Capital: Kabul


Total Population: 38,928,341
Natural Increase: 2.3%
Density: 60 Inhabitants/km²
Urban Population: 26.0%
Ethnic Origins: There is no official national data on ethnic groups in Afghanistan. However, the 2004 constitution recognises 14 ethnic groups: Pashtun, Tajik, Hazara, Uzbek, Baloch, Turkmen, Nuristani, Pamiri, Arab, Gujar, Brahui, Qizilbash, Aimaq, and Pasha. Among these groups, the most widely spread in Afghanistan are the Pashtun, Tajik, Hazara, Uzbek and Baloch.
Official Language: Dari (Afghan Persian) and Pashto.
Other Languages Spoken: Turkic languages (primarily Uzbek and Turkmen), and 30 other minor languages which primarily include Balochi and Pashai.
Business Language(s): English
Religion: Sunni Muslim 80%, Shia Muslim 19%, Others 1%.
Literacy Rate: 28.0%

Local Time:

It is %T:%M %A In Kabul

Exchange Rate on :

National Currency: Afghanistan Afghani (AFN)

Country Overview

Area: 652,860 km²
Type of State: Dictatorial regime (since August 2021)
Type of Economy: Low-income economy, Transition country.
An economy which is heavily dependent on agriculture and which benefits extensively from international aid.
HDI*: 0.465/1
HDI (World Rank): 171/188

Note: (*) The HDI, Human Development Index, is an Indicator Which Synthesizes Several Data Such as Life Expectancy, Level of Education, Professional Careers, Access to Culture etc.


Telephone Code:
To call from Afghanistan, dial 00
To call Afghanistan, dial +93
Internet Suffix: .af
Telephone Lines: 0.0 per 100 Inhabitants
Internet Users: 5.5 per 100 Inhabitants
Access to Electricity: 43% of the Population

Foreign Trade in Figures

Foreign Trade Indicators 20162017201820192020
Imports of Goods (million USD) 9,1507,5807,4076,7777,171
Exports of Goods (million USD) 520780875864732
Imports of Services (million USD) 1,1821,0541,3111,1601,042
Exports of Services (million USD) 431253621504597

Source: WTO – World Trade Organisation, Latest Available Data


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Latest Update: November 2022