flag Zimbabwe Zimbabwe: Introduction

Capital: Harare


Total Population: 16,320,537
Natural Increase: 2.0%
Density: 41 Inhabitants/km²
Urban Population: 32.4%
Population of main cities (including suburbs): Harare (1,485,300); Bulawayo (653,400); Chitungwiza (356,900); Mutare (186,200); Epworth (167,500); Gweru (154,900); Kwekwe (100,900); Kadoma (91,700); Masvingo (87,900)
Ethnic Origins: About 98% of the population is of African descent, including predominantly Shona (82%) and Ndebele (14%) peoples. The rest of the population (2%) includes people of Asian, European or mixed ethnic origins. (Zimbabwe National Statistics Agency)
Official Language: English, Shona, Ndebele
Other Languages Spoken: Chewa, Kimbundu, Tswana and many other tribal languages.
Business Language(s): English
Religion: The majority of Zimbabweans profess ancestral beliefs. The mwari worship, an animist monotheistic belief system, prevails in the country at least since the heyday of Great Zimbabwe. Although 40 to 50% of the population attend Christian churches regularly, there is in fact a syncretic practice of christianism and traditional beliefs.
Literacy Rate: 89.4%

Local Time:

It is %T:%M %A In Harare

Exchange Rate on :

National Currency: American Dollar - accepted in the context of the multi-currency framework (USD)

Country Overview

Area: 390,760 km²
Type of State: Zimbabwe is a presidential republic.
Type of Economy: Low-income economy.
The lowest GDP growth rate and the highest rate of inflation.
HDI*: 0.509/1
HDI (World Rank): 155/188

Note: (*) The HDI, Human Development Index, is an Indicator Which Synthesizes Several Data Such as Life Expectancy, Level of Education, Professional Careers, Access to Culture etc.


Telephone Code:
To call from Zimbabwe, dial 00
To call Zimbabwe, dial +263
Internet Suffix: .zw
Computers: 7.1 per 100 Inhabitants
Telephone Lines: 2.3 per 100 Inhabitants
Internet Users: 17.1 per 100 Inhabitants
Access to Electricity: 40.46% of the Population

Foreign Trade in Figures

Foreign Trade Indicators 20192020202120222023
Imports of Goods (million USD) 4,8175,6437,5778,6539,214
Exports of Goods (million USD) 4,2694,3956,0366,5867,225
Imports of Services (million USD) 9097709451,3331,417
Exports of Services (million USD) 603331275464507

Source: WTO – World Trade Organisation, Latest data available.


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Latest Update: May 2024