Population of main cities:
Istanbul (15,113,800); Ankara (5,036,300); Izmir (2,956,800); Bursa (1,968,900); Adana (1,737,300); Gaziantep (1,667,600); Konya (1,300,600); Antalya (1,240,900); Diyarbakır (1,035,100); Mersin (996,500); Kayseri (955,600)
There are more than 70 ethnic groups in Turkey. About 75% of the population is of Turkish origin, 18% is of Kurdish origin, 4% is of Circassian origin and 3% is of other ethic background (including of Armenian, Greek, Georgian, Arab, European from the Balkans and Russian origins). (Turkish Statistical Institute)
Other Languages Spoken:
There are several other Altaic languages spoken. Languages spoken by minorities include Kurdish, Greek, Armenian, Bulgarian, Albanian and Circassian. English, French and German are used fairly frequently in business and trade.
English is very commonly used in business.
Muslim 96%. Other (Jewish, Orthodox, Catholic and Protestant): 4%.
It is %T:%M %A In İstanbul, Ankara, İzmir
Exchange Rate on
National Currency: Turkish Lira (TRY)
Type of State:
Turkey is a parliamentary democratic republic.
Type of Economy:
Upper-middle-income economy; OECD member; Emerging Financial Market.
Turkey's GDP is based on services: 65%, industry: 27% and agriculture: 8%. In 2015, the food & beverages sector contributed the largest share of the national income (20%). Construction was the second sector in 2015 (17% of the national income) and has been in expansion in recent years, due primarily to the launching of large infrastructure projects.
HDI (World Rank):
Note: (*) The HDI, Human Development Index, is an Indicator Which Synthesizes Several Data Such as Life Expectancy, Level of Education, Professional Careers, Access to Culture etc.
To call from Türkiye, dial 00
To call Türkiye, dial +90
5.1 per 100 Inhabitants
18.6 per 100 Inhabitants
45.1 per 100 Inhabitants
Access to Electricity:
100% of the Population
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Latest Update: September 2023