Population of main cities:
Tunis (638,900); Sfax (272,800); Sousse (221,600); Ettadhamen (143,000); Kairouan (139,100); Bizerte (137,000); Gabès (131,000); Gafsa (129,700)
There is no official data on ethnic groups in Tunisia. However, a vast majority of the population identifies itself as Arab (mainly Berbers). A very small proportion of Tunisians are of European or other origin.
Standard Arabic is the official language, although the Tunisian Arabic dialect (Darija) is used in everyday communications.
Other Languages Spoken:
The vast majority (98%) of the population speaks Arabic; about 1% speaks Berber. French is also widely spoken by Tunisians.
Arabic and French are the most widely used languages in business. Some administrative texts are also in French. English is not very commonly used in business. A number of business persons in Tunisia also speak German and Italian.
Muslims 98%, Christians 1%, Jews 1%
It is %T:%M %A In Tunis
Exchange Rate on
National Currency: Tunisian Dinar (TND)
Type of State:
After the fall of President Zine El Abidine Ben Ali in 2011 and the move towards a more democratic Tunisia, a new Constitution was ratified on 10 February 2014. According to the terms of the Constitution, Tunisia is a free State, sovereign and independent. It is a parliamentary republic, with a legal system based on the French civil code and Islamic law. Islam is the official religion. The power instituted by the Constitution is founded on the sovereignty of the people and the separation of powers.
Nevertheless, following the new 2022 constitution, Tunisia switched from the hybrid parliamentary-presidential system under its postrevolutionary constitution to a presidential system.
Type of Economy:
French colony up to 1956 and is now having strong economic ties with the European Union. An economy based on agriculture, the mining and energy sectors and tourism.
HDI (World Rank):
Note: (*) The HDI, Human Development Index, is an Indicator Which Synthesizes Several Data Such as Life Expectancy, Level of Education, Professional Careers, Access to Culture etc.
To call from Tunisia, dial 00
To call Tunisia, dial +216
10.3 per 100 Inhabitants
41.4 per 100 Inhabitants
Access to Electricity:
100% of the Population
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Latest Update: September 2023