Population of main cities:
Bangkok (5,666,300); Nonthanburi (254,400); Pak Kret (190,300); Hat Yai (156,800); Chaophraya Surasak (143,100); Surat Thani (132,100); Udon Thani (130,600); Chiang Mai (127,300); Nakhon Ratchasima (126,400)
Although over 97% of the population is classified as Thai, the country has a complex ethnic composition. The Thais themselves are very different, those from the central plain being distinctly different in culture and language from those from the north and north-east, known as Lao. Many Thais have Chinese ancestry and Thai-Chinese are the largest minority group in the country (over 15%). About 1.5% of the population is of Burmese origin. (National Statistics Office
Other Languages Spoken:
English is a second language taught in most schools. However it may be difficult to find people able to speak English. Chinese is also often used.
Thai and English.
95% of Thais are Buddhists of the Theravada tradition. Muslims are the second largest religious group in Thailand at 4.5%. Thailand's southernmost provinces - Pattani, Yala, Narathiwat and part of Songkhla Chumphon have dominant Muslim populations, consisting of both ethnic Thai and Malay. Most often Muslims live in separate communities from non-Muslims.
It is %T:%M %A In Bangkok
Exchange Rate on
National Currency: Thailand Baht (THB)
Type of State:
Thailand is a Kingdom. It is a constitutional monarchy based on parliamentary democracy.
Type of Economy:
Upper-middle-income economy, emerging financial market.
One of the most successful economies of South East Asia; economy based on the agri-food production, tourism, production of automotive and exports of electronic products
HDI (World Rank):
Note: (*) The HDI, Human Development Index, is an Indicator Which Synthesizes Several Data Such as Life Expectancy, Level of Education, Professional Careers, Access to Culture etc.
To call from Thailand, dial 001
To call Thailand, dial +66
5.8 per 100 Inhabitants
9.1 per 100 Inhabitants
26.5 per 100 Inhabitants
Access to Electricity:
100% of the Population
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Latest Update: September 2023