flag Tanzania Tanzania: Introduction

Capital: Dodoma


Total Population: 65,497,748
Natural Increase: 3.0%
Density: 72 Inhabitants/km²
Urban Population: 36.7%
Ethnic Origins: Africans make up the vast majority of the population with over 130 tribes, mainly Bantu. Other ethnic groups (notably Asians, Europeans and Arabs) make up a very small part of the population.
Official Language: Kiswahili (Swahili) (de jure), English (de facto)
Other Languages Spoken: Bantu (Bemba, Safwa, Digo, Hehe, Makonde, Nyamwezi, Yao, and Luguru) and Nilotic languages (Maasai, Datooga, Ngasa, Ogiek, Kisankasa, and Pare). Arabic in Zanzibar.
Business Language(s): English and Swahili
Religion: Within the mainland : Christian 30%, Muslim 35%, indigenous beliefs 35%.
Within Zanzibar : More than 99% Muslim.
Literacy Rate: 69.4%

Local Time:

It is %T:%M %A In Dar es Salaam

Exchange Rate on :

National Currency: Tanzanian Shilling (TZS)

Country Overview

Area: 947,300 km²
Type of State: Presidential republic.
Type of Economy: Low-income economy.
Second largest exporter of gold; heavily dependent on international aid.
HDI*: 0.521/1
HDI (World Rank): 151/188

Note: (*) The HDI, Human Development Index, is an Indicator Which Synthesizes Several Data Such as Life Expectancy, Level of Education, Professional Careers, Access to Culture etc.


Telephone Code:
To call from Tanzania, dial 00
To call Tanzania, dial +255
Internet Suffix: .tz
Telephone Lines: 0.4 per 100 Inhabitants
Internet Users: 13.1 per 100 Inhabitants
Access to Electricity: 15.3% of the Population

Foreign Trade in Figures

Foreign Trade Indicators 20192020202120222023
Imports of Goods (million USD) 9,4528,43910,02414,21913,817
Exports of Goods (million USD) 5,0056,0616,3916,8257,292
Imports of Services (million USD) 1,7821,3191,6072,4652,333
Exports of Services (million USD) 4,2812,1843,1184,7626,268

Source: WTO – World Trade Organisation, Latest data available.


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Latest Update: May 2024