Population of main cities:
Zurich (421,800); Geneva (203,800); Basel (173,800); Lausanne (140,100); Bern (134,800); Winterthur (114,300); Luzern (82,600); St. Gallen (76,200); Lugano (62,300); Biel (55,000)
The population is comprised of about 62% of people of Swiss German origin, with about 23% of French Swiss origin, 8% of Italian origin and 22.7% of other backgrounds (the total exceeds 100%, as people can give more than one answer). (Swiss Federal Statistical Office)
Switzerland has three official languages: German, French and Italian and four national languages: German, French, Italian and Romansch.
Other Languages Spoken:
Other languages spoken include Serbo-Croatian, Albanian, Portuguese, Spanish and English.
English, German, French and Italian
Roman Catholic (41.8%), Protestant (35.3%), Muslim (4.3%), Orthodox (1.8%), Other Christian (0.4%), Others (1%), Unspecified (4.3%), None (11.1%) (2000 census).
It is %T:%M %A In Geneva, Bern, Lausanne
Exchange Rate on
National Currency: Swiss Franc (CHF)
Type of State:
Federal republic based on parliamentary democracy. Confederation of 26 cantons (states/provinces), which enjoy fair amount of decentralisation.
Type of Economy:
High-income economy, OECD member.
Fourth GDP per capita in the world; offshore financial services dominate the economy.
HDI (World Rank):
Note: (*) The HDI, Human Development Index, is an Indicator Which Synthesizes Several Data Such as Life Expectancy, Level of Education, Professional Careers, Access to Culture etc.
To call from Switzerland, dial 00
To call Switzerland, dial +41
91.8 per 100 Inhabitants
56.7 per 100 Inhabitants
85.2 per 100 Inhabitants
Access to Electricity:
100% of the Population
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Latest Update: September 2023