flag Sudan Sudan: Introduction

Capital: Khartoum


Total Population: 46,874,204
Natural Increase: 2.6%
Density: 24 Inhabitants/km²
Urban Population: 36.0%
Ethnic Origins: The ethnic groups are largely Arab and others, such as the Nubians, Copts and Beja are in the process of Arabisation. Other dominant groups are the Fur, Nuba and Fallata.
Official Language: Arabic
Other Languages Spoken: Nubian, Ta Bedawie, diverse dialects of Nilotic, Nilo-Hamitic, English, Other Sudanic languages
Business Language(s): English
Religion: Sunni Muslim 70%, Christian 5%, Indigenous beliefs 25%.
Literacy Rate: 60.9%

Local Time:

It is %T:%M %A In Khartoum

Exchange Rate on :

National Currency: Sudanese Pound (SDG)

Country Overview

Area: 1,878,000 km²
Type of State: Republic. Government of National Unity based on power sharing.
Type of Economy: Low-income economy.
The largest African country; agriculture is the main economic activity of the country.
HDI*: 0.479/1
HDI (World Rank): 167/188

Note: (*) The HDI, Human Development Index, is an Indicator Which Synthesizes Several Data Such as Life Expectancy, Level of Education, Professional Careers, Access to Culture etc.


Telephone Code:
To call from Sudan, dial 00
To call Sudan, dial +249
Internet Suffix: .sd
Computers: 11.2 per 100 Inhabitants
Telephone Lines: 0.9 per 100 Inhabitants
Internet Users: 21.0 per 100 Inhabitants
Access to Electricity: 32.56% of the Population

Foreign Trade in Figures

Foreign Trade Indicators 20192020202120222023
Imports of Goods (million USD) 9,2919,8389,89411,0957,100
Exports of Goods (million USD) 3,7353,8035,0274,3574,780
Imports of Services (million USD) 1,4251,6661,3661,5900
Exports of Services (million USD) 1,3671,2631,6371,5510

Source: WTO – World Trade Organisation, Latest data available.


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Latest Update: May 2024