flag Serbia Serbia: Introduction

Capital: Belgrade


Total Population: 6,834,326
Natural Increase: -0.9%
Density: 79 Inhabitants/km²
Urban Population: 56.7%
Population of main cities: Belgrade (1,166,800); Novi Sad (231,800); Nis (183,200); Kragujevac (150,900); Subotica (98,000); Zrenjanin (76,600); Pančevo (76,200); Čačak (73,400)
Ethnic Origins: The population of Serbia is composed as follows: Serbs about 83%, Hungarians around 3%, Roma approximately 2%, Bosnians 2% and other nationalities make up 12% of the total population. (Statistical Office of the Republic of Serbia)
Official Language: Serbian
Other Languages Spoken: Hungarian, Romanian, Slovak, Ukrainian and Croat in Vojvodina and Albanian in Kosovo.
Business Language(s): Mainly Serbian and English.
Religion: Orthodox (Serbian Church) 85%, Catholics 5.5%, Muslims 3%, Protestants 1%, Others 5.5%.

Local Time:

It is %T:%M %A In Belgrade

Exchange Rate on :

National Currency: Serbian Dinar (RSD)

Country Overview

Area: 84,990 km²
Type of State: Republic, based on a unicameral parliamentary democracy.
Type of Economy: Upper-middle-income economy, Transition country.
Huge potential market; dynamic domestic demand and increasing openness to trade and foreign investment.
HDI*: 0.771/1
HDI (World Rank): 66/188

Note: (*) The HDI, Human Development Index, is an Indicator Which Synthesizes Several Data Such as Life Expectancy, Level of Education, Professional Careers, Access to Culture etc.



Telephone Code:
To call from Serbia, dial 99
To call Serbia, dial +381
Internet Suffix: .rs
Computers: 24.4 per 100 Inhabitants
Telephone Lines: 30.2 per 100 Inhabitants
Internet Users: 48.1 per 100 Inhabitants
Access to Electricity: 100% of the Population

Foreign Trade in Figures

Foreign Trade Indicators 20172018201920202021
Imports of Goods (million USD) 21,94725,88226,73026,23333,797
Exports of Goods (million USD) 16,99619,22719,63019,49825,564
Imports of Services (million USD) 4,7995,9096,5695,7587,528
Exports of Services (million USD) 5,9407,1267,7457,0429,207

Source: WTO – World Trade Organisation, Latest data available.


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Latest Update: September 2023