Population of main cities:
Dakar (2,646,500); Touba (753,400); Thies (317,800); Kaolack (233,700); Mbour (232,800); Rufisque (221,100); Saint-Louis (209,800); Ziguinchor (205,300)
There is no official national data on ethnic groups in Senegal. However, the country is home to many ethnic groups, the most recurrent being the Wolof, Fulani, Serer, Mandingo, Diola and Soninke. Minorities include some Europeans, Lebanese and Vietnamese.
Other Languages Spoken:
The Wolof for most people, but there is also the Diola, the Poulaar, the Malinké and the Mandingue. The Wolof is spoken and understood by most of the Senegalese. Dialects are numerous (at least 50, 15 of which are spoken by more than 15,000 people). It is to be noted that since many of the ethnic groups are essentially Muslims, the Wolofs and the Mandingues use the traditional Arab greetings.
French and Wolof
The religions in Senegal are mainly Islam (94%), Christianity (5%) and animism (1%).
It is %T:%M %A In Dakar
Exchange Rate on
National Currency: CFA Franc BCEAO (XOF)
Type of State:
Republic state based on parliamentary democracy with presidential form of government.
Type of Economy:
Low-income economy, Developing Country.
Very few natural resources; fishing and tourism are the main sectors of activity.
HDI (World Rank):
Note: (*) The HDI, Human Development Index, is an Indicator Which Synthesizes Several Data Such as Life Expectancy, Level of Education, Professional Careers, Access to Culture etc.
To call from Senegal, dial 00
To call Senegal, dial +221
2.6 per 100 Inhabitants
19.2 per 100 Inhabitants
Access to Electricity:
56.5% of the Population
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Latest Update: September 2023