|Type of property and law||Validity||International Agreements Signed|
Rules and Regulations on Inventions
Patent Cooperation Treaty (PCT)
Law on Trademarks, Service Marks and Trade Names
|10 years, renewable every 10 years|
||During the lifetime of the author and 50 years after his death||
Berne convention For the Protection of Literary and Artistic Works
Convention for the Protection of Producers of Phonograms Against Unauthorized Duplication of Their Phonograms
Rome ConventionFor the Protection of Performers, Producers of Phonograms and Broadcasting Organizations
WIPO Copyright Treaty
WIPO Performances and Phonograms Treaty
||5 years, renewable twice|
|Civil Code||Civil law|
|Criminal Code||Criminal law|
|Labour Code||Labour law|
|Corporation Code||Commercial law|
|Supreme Court||The Supreme Court is the highest Court in the Philippines. There is only one Supreme Court composed of one Chief Justice and fourteen Associate Justices. It is the final arbiter of any and all judicial issues. When so deciding, it may sit en banc or in divisions of three, five or seven members.|
|Court of Appeal||A special court, the Sandiganbayan, composed of a Presiding Justice and eight Associate Justices, has exclusive jurisdiction over violations of the Anti-Graft and Corrupt Practices Act [Republic Act No. 3019], the Unexplained Wealth Act [Republic Act No. 1379] and other crimes or felonies committed by public officials and employees in relation to their office, including those employees in government-owned or controlled corporations.|
|Regional Tribunal||Regional Trial Courts were established among the thirteen regions in the Philippines consisting of Regions I to XII and the National Capital Region (NCR). There are as many Regional Trial Courts in each region as the law mandates.|
|Metropolitan Tribunal||Municipal Trial Courts in the towns and cities in the Metropolitan Manila area, as distinguished from the other political subdivisions in the Philippines, are referred to as Metropolitan Trial Courts.
In cities outside Metropolitan Manila, the equivalent of the Municipal Trial Courts are referred to as Municipal Trial Courts in Cities.
|Municipal Tribunal||Every municipality in the Philippines has its own Municipal Trial Court. It is referred to as such if it covers only one municipality. Municipal Circuit Trial Court if it covers two or more municipalities.|
|Municipal Circuit Tribunal||Municipal Circuit Trial Court are so named if they covers two or more municipalities.|
|Special Tribunal: Court of Tax Appeal||A special court, the Court of Tax Appeals, composed of a Presiding Judge and two Associate Judges, is vested with the exclusive appellate jurisdiction over appeals from the decisions of the Commissioner of Internal Revenue and the Commissioner of Customs on certain specific issues.|
|Shari'a District Courts||Equivalent to the Regional Trial Courts in rank are the Shari'a District Courts which were established in certain specified provinces in Mindanao where the Muslim Code on Personal Laws is being enforced.
There are five Shari'a District Courts and fifty one Shari'a Circuit Courts in existence.
Any Comment About This Content? Report It to Us.
© eexpand, All Rights Reserved.
Latest Update: September 2023