flag Papua New Guinea Papua New Guinea: Introduction

Capital: Port Moresby


Total Population: 9,949,437
Natural Increase: 2.0%
Density: 22 Inhabitants/km²
Urban Population: 13.5%
Ethnic Origins: The population is one of the most heterogeneous in the world with several thousand communities. In more general terms it is made up of Papuans, Melanesians, Negritos (pygmies), Micronesians and Polynesians, with a small number of Europeans.
Official Language: Hiri Motu, Tok Pisin, English
Other Languages Spoken: Around 820 indigenous languages are spoken.
Business Language(s): English
Religion: Roman Catholic 22%, Lutheran 16%, Presbyterian/Methodist/London Missionary Society 8%, Anglican 5%, Evangelical Alliance 4%, Seventh-Day Adventist 1%, Other Protestant 10%, Indigenous beliefs 34%.
Literacy Rate: 57.3%

Local Time:

It is %T:%M %A In Port Moresby

Exchange Rate on :

National Currency: New Guinean Kina (PGK)

Country Overview

Area: 462,840 km²
Type of State: Constitutional Monarchy. Parliamentary democracy. Independent State.
Type of Economy: Low-income economy.
An economy which is based on the mining and agricultural sectors.
HDI*: 0.505/1
HDI (World Rank): 158/188

Note: (*) The HDI, Human Development Index, is an Indicator Which Synthesizes Several Data Such as Life Expectancy, Level of Education, Professional Careers, Access to Culture etc.


Telephone Code:
To call from Papua New Guinea, dial 05
To call Papua New Guinea, dial +675
Internet Suffix: .pg
Telephone Lines: 1.9 per 100 Inhabitants
Internet Users: 2.3 per 100 Inhabitants
Access to Electricity: 18.11% of the Population

Foreign Trade in Figures

Foreign Trade Indicators 20172018201920202021
Imports of Goods (million USD) 3,0593,5193,9342,6423,024
Exports of Goods (million USD) 9,95210,52411,3999,22910,433
Imports of Services (million USD) 1,5101,6171,6301,320939
Exports of Services (million USD) 254356319178107

Source: WTO – World Trade Organisation, Latest data available.


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Latest Update: September 2023