Investing

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FDI in Figures

According to UNCTAD's 2022 World Investment Report, FDI inflows to Niger increased from USD 361 million to USD 755 million between 2020 and 2021, mainly due to the economic recovery after the crisis triggered by the Covid-19 pandemic. FDI stock amounted to USD 8.2 billion in 2021. In 2022, global FDI momentum weakened in the context of the war in Ukraine, rising food and energy prices, financial turmoil and debt pressures (UNCTAD’s Investment Trends Monitor). The mining sector, in particular uranium, has traditionally taken the lion's share of foreign direct investment in Niger. However, uranium production will fall following the closure of the Akouta mine and the depletion of uranium mines (Coface). According to Coface, the construction, services (telecommunications) and mining sectors should become the main recipients of investments, with the intensification of projects such as the construction of the hydro-agricultural dam at Kandaji, the rehabilitation of Niamey airport or even construction of the Garadawa cement plant. The construction of a 2,000 km pipeline by the China National Petroleum Corporation is expected to enable Niger to become an oil exporter in 2023.

The government has adopted various measures to attract more investment. These include revising the process of obtaining building permits, strengthening the system for settling disputes relating to the execution of contracts, improving the performance of the electricity sector and improving the registration and transfer of title deeds. Adopting a new investment code, reducing the minimum capital required to start a business and improving access to water are all efforts to encourage investment, mainly in the resource sector underground, main asset of the country. The government has also improved its anti-corruption system, and has asked to reinstate the Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative. The main obstacles to FDI in Niger are the topographical drawbacks and the poor state of infrastructure. In addition, insecurity linked to Islamist armed groups in Libya, Mali and Nigeria (AQIM, Mujao and Boko Haram) is a particularly worrying factor for potential investors.

 

Country Comparison For the Protection of Investors

  Niger Sub-Saharan Africa United States Germany
Index of Transaction Transparency* 7.0 5.5 7.0 5.0
Index of Manager’s Responsibility** 1.0 3.5 9.0 5.0
Index of Shareholders’ Power*** 5.0 5.5 9.0 5.0

Source: Doing Business - Latest available data.

Note: *The Greater the Index, the More Transparent the Conditions of Transactions. **The Greater the Index, the More the Manager is Personally Responsible. *** The Greater the Index, the Easier it Will Be For Shareholders to Take Legal Action.

 
Foreign Direct Investment 202020212022
FDI Inward Flow (million USD) 361595581
FDI Stock (million USD) 8,182.68,122.08,237.7
Number of Greenfield Investments* 1.01.02.0
Value of Greenfield Investments (million USD) 516542

Source: UNCTAD - Latest available data

Note: * Greenfield Investments are a form of Foreign Direct Investment where a parent company starts a new venture in a foreign country by constructing new operational facilities from the ground up.

 

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Tax Rates

Value-added tax (VAT) - Taxe sur la valeur ajoutée (Local Name)
19% (standard rate).
Company Tax
30%
Withholding Taxes
Dividends: 7% (distributed by a company listed on an approved stock exchange)/10%, Interests: 20%, Royalties: 10%.
Social Security Contributions Paid By Employers
6.25% (calculated on a maximum monthly salary of XOF 500,000)
Other Domestic Resources
Directorate-General for Taxation, in French
Consult Doing Business Website, to obtain a summary of the taxes and mandatory contributions.
 
 

Individual Taxes

Personal income tax (calculated monthly) Progressive rates from 1% to 35%
From XOF 0 to 25,000 1%
From XOF 25,001 to 50,000 2%
From XOF 50,001 to 100,000 6%
From XOF 100,001 to 150,000 13%
From XOF 150,001 to 300,000 25%
From XOF 300,001 to 400,000 30%
From XOF 400,001 to 700,001 32%
From XOF 700,001 to 1 million 34%
Above XOF 1 million 35%
 
 

Country Comparison For Corporate Taxation

  Niger Sub-Saharan Africa United States Germany
Number of Payments of Taxes per Year 41.0 36.6 10.6 9.0
Time Taken For Administrative Formalities (Hours) 270.0 284.8 175.0 218.0
Total Share of Taxes (% of Profit) 47.2 47.3 36.6 48.8

Source: Doing Business - Latest available data.

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Investment Opportunities

Tenders, Projects and Public Procurement
Frontier Market Network, Tenders in Africa
African Tenders
DgMarket, Tenders Worldwide
Setting Up a Company
Consult Doing Business Website, to know about procedures to start a Business in Niger.
Useful Resources
Centre for Promotion of Investments (CPI)
Economic Developments and Prospects in Niger - African Economic Outlook
Business Portal for Africa
 

Business Setup Procedures

Setting Up a Company Niger Sub-Saharan Africa
Procedures (number) 4.00 7.51
Time (days) 10.00 21.30

Source: Doing Business.

 
 
 

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Latest Update: December 2023