Trade Profile

flag Niger Niger: Trade Profile

Foreign Trade in Figures

Niger is open to foreign trade, which represented 38% of the country's GDP in 2021 (World Bank). The country aims to implement the trade policy of the WAEMU and is integrated into the generalized system of preferences (GSP) of the EU. Customs duties are not very high. Production costs, limited credit facilities and import-export activities through the informal sector have limited the development of international trade. The country mainly exports petroleum products (38.6% of total exports), uranium (28.6%), gold (12%), vegetables (5.7%), live animals, palm oil, vehicles and machinery. The main imported products are rice (16.9% of total imports), vehicles (8.2%), machinery (8.1%),
air vehicle parts (7.9%), mineral fuels (5.2%), medicines (4.7%) electrical machinery (4.3%), iron, food and ammunition and weapons (International Trade Centre, 2021).

Niger's main customers are France (23.2% of total exports), Mali (21.8%), Burkina Faso (14.4%), Nigeria (10%), the United Arab Emirates (9.1%), Canada (6.7%) and Ghana (5.2%). Its main suppliers are China (18.7% of total imports), France (14.1%), India (8.5%), Nigeria (7.5%), the United States (6.4%), Thailand (6%) and Japan (4.2%) (International Trade Centre, 2021).

Niger's trade balance is in deficit. In 2020, the trade balance deficit reached USD 2.2 billion (World Bank). In 2021, Niger exported USD 1.211 billion in goods, and imported USD 2.741 billion. Exports of services reached USD 149 million while imports amounted to USD 1.023 billion (WTO). Trade deficit is expected to shrink owing to the increase in oil exports and the recovery in gold and uranium sales, combined with lower global food prices (Coface).

Foreign Trade Indicators 20172018201920202021
Imports of Goods (million USD) 1,9522,2812,3262,3782,741
Exports of Goods (million USD) 1,2061,2021,1269981,211
Imports of Services (million USD) 9711,0781,0611,1571,029
Exports of Services (million USD) 204225237206164
Imports of Goods and Services (Annual % Change) 129637
Exports of Goods and Services (Annual % Change) 15-41-67
Trade Balance (million USD) -748-1,079-1,200-1,351n/a
Foreign Trade (in % of GDP) 4038383638
Imports of Goods and Services (in % of GDP) 2626262627
Exports of Goods and Services (in % of GDP) 1312111010

Source: WTO – World Trade Organisation ; World Bank - Latest available data.

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Main Partner Countries

Main Customers
(% of Exports)
France 33.2%
Mali 18.7%
Nigeria 16.0%
United Arab Emirates 8.9%
South Africa 7.0%
See More Countries 16.2%
Main Suppliers
(% of Imports)
China 23.9%
France 21.0%
India 10.3%
Nigeria 7.7%
Germany 5.1%
See More Countries 32.1%

Source: Comtrade, Latest Available Data

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Main Products

0.4 bn USD of products exported in 2022
Petroleum oils and oils obtained from bituminous...Petroleum oils and oils obtained from bituminous minerals (excl. crude); preparations containing >= 70% by weight of petroleum oils or of oils obtained from bituminous minerals, these oils being the basic constituents of the preparations, n.e.s.; waste oils containing mainly petroleum or bituminous minerals 28.8%
Gold, incl. gold plated with platinum, unwrought...Gold, incl. gold plated with platinum, unwrought or not further worked than semi-manufactured or in powder form 16.7%
Onions, shallots, garlic, leeks and other...Onions, shallots, garlic, leeks and other alliaceous vegetables, fresh or chilled 3.0%
Palm oil and its fractions, whether or not refined...Palm oil and its fractions, whether or not refined (excl. chemically modified) 2.3%
Self-propelled bulldozers, angledozers, graders,...Self-propelled bulldozers, angledozers, graders, levellers, scrapers, mechanical shovels, excavators, shovel loaders, tamping machines and roadrollers 1.5%
See More Products 47.7%
3.8 bn USD of products imported in 2022
RiceRice 14.4%
Parts and accessories for weapons and the like of...Parts and accessories for weapons and the like of heading 9301 to 9304, n.e.s. 9.0%
Parts of aircraft and spacecraft of heading 8801...Parts of aircraft and spacecraft of heading 8801 or 8802, n.e.s. 6.4%
Powered aircraft "e.g. helicopters and aeroplanes...Powered aircraft "e.g. helicopters and aeroplanes"; spacecraft, incl. satellites, and suborbital and spacecraft launch vehicles 3.7%
Tubes and pipes, having circular cross-sections...Tubes and pipes, having circular cross-sections and an external diameter of > 406,4 mm, of flat-rolled products of iron or steel "e.g., welded, riveted or similarly closed" 3.4%
See More Products 63.1%

Source: Comtrade, Latest Available Data


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Commercial Policy

International Economic Cooperation
Member of the World Trade Organization (WTO)
Member of Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS)

Member of West African Economic and Monetary Union (WAEMU)

Member of African Union (AU)

Assessment of Commercial Policy
Country's commercial policy
Average Customs Duty (Excluding Agricultural Products)

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Latest Update: September 2023