flag Mexico Mexico: Introduction

Capital: Mexico City


Total Population: 127,504,125
Natural Increase: 0.6%
Density: 65 Inhabitants/km²
Urban Population: 81.3%
Population of main metropolitan areas: Mexico City (8,843,700); Tijuana (1,810,700); Ecatepec de Morelos (1,643,700); León (1,579,800); Puebla (1,542,300); Juárez (1,501,600); Guadalajara (1,385,700); Zapopan (1,257,600); Monterrey (1,143,000); Nezahualcóyotl (1,072,700)
Ethnic Origins: According to the National Institute of Statistics and Geography of Mexico, 47% of Mexicans have European origins and 37% are of mixed origin. On the other hand, 17% of the total population considers themselves indigenous, while 1.74% identify as Afro-Mexican or Afro-descendant.
Official Language: Spanish
Other Languages Spoken: Many Mexicans also speak English. Indigenous languages are also spoken throughout the country by hundreds of thousands of individuals.
Business Language(s): Spanish and English
Religion: Catholic: 89.9%, Protestant: 5.2%, Jewish: 0.05%, Other: 2.1%, No religion: 2.5%,
Literacy Rate: 91.6%

Local Time:

It is %T:%M %A In Mexico City
It is %T:%M %A In Culiacán
It is %T:%M %A In Tijuana

Exchange Rate on :

National Currency: Mexican Peso (MXN)

Country Overview

Area: 1,964,375 km²
Type of State: Mexico's official name is the United Mexican States. It is a federal republic based on presidential democracy.
Type of Economy: Export-oriented economy; member of OECD; emerging financial market.
Highest per capita income in Latin America; the most open country in Latin America; heavily dependent on the American economic situation
HDI*: 0.756/1
HDI (World Rank): 74/188

Note: (*) The HDI, Human Development Index, is an Indicator Which Synthesizes Several Data Such as Life Expectancy, Level of Education, Professional Careers, Access to Culture etc.


Telephone Code:
To call from Mexico, dial 00
To call Mexico, dial +52
Internet Suffix: .mx
Computers: 14.4 per 100 Inhabitants
Telephone Lines: 17.4 per 100 Inhabitants
Internet Users: 38.4 per 100 Inhabitants
Access to Electricity: 99.1% of the Population

Foreign Trade in Figures

Foreign Trade Indicators 20192020202120222023
Imports of Goods (million USD) 467,118393,278522,455626,324621,476
Exports of Goods (million USD) 460,604417,171494,949577,735593,012
Imports of Services (million USD) 39,61941,72452,96563,28969,545
Exports of Services (million USD) 31,71726,25237,94548,07552,158

Source: WTO – World Trade Organisation, Latest data available.


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Latest Update: July 2024