Population of main cities:
Almaty (1,977,100); Nur-Sultan (1,184,500); Shymkent (1,074,200); Aktobe (512,500); Karaganda (500,900); Taraz (363,000); Oskemen (335,400); Pavlodar (334,300); Semey (324,500)
The population of Kazakhstan is distributed as follows: some 63% Kazakhs (Qazaq), Russians make up about 24%, Uzbeks are 3%, Ukrainians about 2% and other ethnic groups (including Germans, Tartars, Uyghurs) approximately 9%. (Republic of Kazakhstan Bureau of National statistics
Kazakh is the State language and Russian is the language for intercommunity communication.
Other Languages Spoken:
English is still rather less spoken.
Muslims 47% ; Orthodox Christians 44.2% ; Protestants 1.9% ; Others 6.9%.
It is %T:%M %A In Astana
Exchange Rate on
National Currency: Kazakhstan Tenge (KZT)
Type of State:
Kazakhstan has a presidential regime.
Type of Economy:
Lower-middle-income economy, Transition country.
Dependence on hydrocarbon exports.
HDI (World Rank):
Note: (*) The HDI, Human Development Index, is an Indicator Which Synthesizes Several Data Such as Life Expectancy, Level of Education, Professional Careers, Access to Culture etc.
To call from Kazakhstan, dial 810
To call Kazakhstan, dial 7 and the city code.
26.5 per 100 Inhabitants
53.3 per 100 Inhabitants
Access to Electricity:
100% of the Population
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Latest Update: September 2023