Business Environment

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In this page: Accounting Rules | Tax Rates | Intellectual Property | Legal Framework | Standards | Business Practices


Accounting Rules

Tax Year
The fiscal year begins on 1 January and ends on 31 December of the same year.
Accounting Standards
The accounting system of the UEMOA (WAEMU) is in force in Côte d'Ivoire.
Accounting Regulation Bodies
West African Accounting Council
Accounting Reports
- At the end of each accounting year, the manager discloses the financial statement synthesis, in compliance with the Uniform Act regulations concerning the organization and harmonization of accountings.
-The manager establishes an annual report.
Publication Requirements
- An annual management report must be published.
- Any modification in the presentation of the summary financial statements must be indicated in the management report and also in any auditor's report.
- Accounting records.
Professional Accountancy Bodies
Association of Accountancy Bodies in West Africa
Certification and Auditing
The control of accounts is realized by auditors. They are committed to certifying the consistency and honesty of the financial statements synthesis and to accompanying the certification with reservations or a refusal, specifying the reasons for this. You can contact an external auditor: Deloitte, Ernst & Young.
Accounting News

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Tax Rates

Consumption Taxes

Nature of the Tax
Value Added Tax (VAT) - Taxe sur la Valeur Ajoutée (TVA)
Tax Rate
Reduced Tax Rate
The following items are exempt from VAT: book sales and book-making work; sales of newspapers and periodicals; sales of medicines and pharmaceuticals, as well as materials and petrochemicals; sales of natural food products for consumption in IC; teaching activity excluding incidental operations such as sales of goods, housing supplies and food in boarding schools; sales of bread, cereal flours and cereals for the manufacture of these flours; fish freezing operations.

Exports of goods and services are zero-rated.

A reduced rate of 9% applies to 100% durum semolina-based pasta, milk, infant milk and composite food preparations intended for infants, petroleum products and equipment for the production of solar energy.

Other Consumption Taxes
Excise duties apply on cigarette imports, alcoholic or non-alcoholic beverages, and oil products. An excise duty of 10% applies to tourism vehicles with at least 13 horsepower. From 2021, perfume and cosmetic products are also subject to excise duties (from 10% to 50%). FY 22 Financial law extends excise duties on tobacco to electronic cigarettes, pipes and their parts, preparations for pipes, products and materials for shisha and electronic cigarettes.

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Corporate Taxes

Company Tax
25% (standard rate)
Tax Rate For Foreign Companies
Non-resident companies with a permanent establishment are subject to the same tax rates as resident firms but only on their local income. Non-resident companies without a permanent establishment are subject to a withholding tax of 20% on their local income.
Companies are considered resident in tax jurisdictions where they have a registered fixed establishment (e.g. subsidiaries, branches, representative offices).
Capital Gains Taxation
Capital gains are included in taxable income and taxed at the standard corporate tax rate. In certain cases, the tax can be deferred if the gain is reinvested within three years (exclusive of recaptured depreciation).
Main Allowable Deductions and Tax Credits
Amortisation of tangible and intangible assets is tax-deductible at rates ranging from 5% to 50%. Depreciation rates may be doubles for new plants and equipment in the first year of use. Goodwill from the transfer of assets is included in taxable profit but positive goodwill may be deducted if the taxpayer agrees to reinvest the amount during the three years succeeding these gains. Start-up costs must be amortised over a period of two to five years.
Interest charges may be deducted if the interest in question is of a loan the amount of which does not exceed the capital of the company. Interest expense cannot exceed 30% of the company's earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation and amortisation. The reimbursement of the loan must take place in the five years following the loan.
Bad debts are generally deductible. Donations to charitable organisations in the field of sport and health are deductible, same as for those made to fight the COVID-19 pandemic. Fines and penalties are not deductible. Taxes are generally deductible (with the exception of withholding taxes). Concerning legal reserves, 10% of net profit must be transferred to a reserve for legal fees until the reserve equals 5% of the paid-up share capital.
Tax losses can be carried forward up to five years, whereas losses derived from depreciation can be carried forward indefinitely. The carryback of losses is not permitted. Royalties, interest, and management and service fees paid to foreign parent companies are tax-deductible, capped at 5% of the turnover and 20% of the overhead.
Other Corporate Taxes
The property tax varies from 1.5% to 15% depending on the use of the land. Property transfer taxes are 4% (sales) or 10% (lease transfer or business transfers). Stamp duties vary based on the deed and are also levied on the purchase of vehicles or pleasure boats.

The payroll tax is 2.8% for local employees and 12% for expatriate employees.
Social contributions payable by the employer are as follows: 5.75% of the salary for the Family Allowance Fund, between 2% and 5% for the industrial accident insurance, and 7.7% for the pension fund. Family allowance and work injury are capped at XOF 70,000 per month each, whereas a ceiling of XOF 2,700,000 applies to the retirement pension.

All taxpayers pay a special tax (special equipment tax) equivalent to 0.1% of their turnover for the equipment and investment needs of the Directorate General for Taxation. This tax was due to be abolished by 31 December 2019; however, since 2020 financial law it became a permanent tax.

Business franchise tax, payable by all companies, is composed of a duty on the turnover and a duty on the rental value. The first contribution is 0.5% of turnover and is capped at XOF 3 million (minimum XOF 300,000). The second contribution is 18.5% of the rental value of the business premises.

A cumulative 10% tax applies to money transfer transactions handled by banks. The 18% VAT applies to transactions managed by other types of financial institutions.
Capital duty ranges from 0.1% to 0.3%. The capital increase is taxed at 6%.
Insurance premiums are taxed at rates ranging from 0.1% (export credit) to 25% (fire) depending on the nature of the contract.

A special tax of 5% is levied on the turnover of telecommunication and communication companies. The tax has been extended to mobile money transfers. The services provided by telecommunication companies are subject to a special tax of 3%. A tax on audiovisual communication has been introduced in 2022, amounting to XOF 20,000 per hour or fraction of an hour of advertising broadcast on advertising messages from non-resident companies. The companies that broadcast in the country are liable for the tax.

Rental income is subject to a 300% surtax if its amount exceeds the two-month guarantee and one-month upfront payment at the beginning of the lease.

Other Domestic Resources
Consult Doing Business Website, to obtain a summary of the taxes and mandatory contributions.

Country Comparison For Corporate Taxation

  Ivory Coast Sub-Saharan Africa United States Germany
Number of Payments of Taxes per Year 25.0 36.6 10.6 9.0
Time Taken For Administrative Formalities (Hours) 187.0 284.8 175.0 218.0
Total Share of Taxes (% of Profit) 50.1 47.3 36.6 48.8

Source: Doing Business - Latest available data.

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Individual Taxes

Tax Rate

Salary Tax (IS) 1.5% (applies to 80% of gross income, withheld by employers)
National contribution (CN) applies to 80% of gross income - rates from 0% to 10%
From XOF 0 to XOF 600,000 0%
From XOF 600,000 to XOF 1,560,000 1.5%
From XOF 1,560,000 to XOF 2,400,000 5%
Above XOF 2,400,000 10%
General Income Tax (IGR) Progressive rate from 10% to 60% (calculated in relation to the national contribution and the number of dependent ratios or "parts" - includes a 15% deduction)
Taxable base T = (Gross Income x 80% - (IS + CN)) x 85%
From XOF 0 to XOF 300,000 0%
From XOF 300,001 to XOF 547,000 10%
From XOF 547,001 to XOF 979,000 15%
From XOF 979,001 to XOF 1,519,000 20%
From  XOF 1,519,001 to XOF 2,644,000 25%
From XOF 2,644,001 to XOF 4,669,000 35%
From  XOF 4,669,001 to XOF 10,106,000 45%
Over XOF 10,106,000 60%
Allowable Deductions and Tax Credits
A standard 20% deduction applies to gross taxable income and usually covers all items of non-business expenses. A standard 15% deduction applies to business expenditure, including travel and representation costs (applied to the adjusted gross income, derived by first calculating the 20% standard deduction and deducting IS and CN). Other expenses deductible from general income include life subsistence allowances paid to dependent parents or a spouse (with ratios or "parts" increased based on the number of dependents).
Special Expatriate Tax Regime
Resident individuals are taxed on their worldwide income, whereas non-residents are only taxed on their locally-sourced income. There is no special expatriate tax regime.

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Double Taxation Treaties

Countries With Whom a Double Taxation Treaty Have Been Signed
See the list of countries that have signed a double taxation agreement with Ivory Coast
Withholding Taxes
Dividends: 10% (paid by a listed company)/15% Interest: 5% (long-term government bonds)/10% (short-term government bonds)/18% ; Royalties: 0 (residents)/20% (non-residents).

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Intellectual Property

National Organisations
Côte d'Ivoire has signed the agreement establishing the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO). You can contact the Ivorian Office of Intellectual Property (OIPI) by Email.
Regional Organisations
Member of the African Intellectual Property Organization (ARIPO) (in French).
International Membership
Member of the WIPO (World Intellectual Property Organization)
Signatory to the Paris Convention For the Protection of Intellectual Property

National Regulation and International Agreements

Type of property and law Validity International Agreements Signed
Law on the protection of intellectual works and copyright.
20 years Patent Cooperation Treaty (PCT)
Agreement revising the Bangui Agreement of 2 March 1977, on the creation of the African Intellectual Property Organization, 24 February 1999
10 years, renewable for consecutive 10 year periods Trademark Law Treaty
Agreement Revising the Bangui Agreement of March 2, 1977, on the Creation of the African Intellectual Property Organization, February 24, 1999
5 years, renewable for two further 5-year periods  
Berne convention For the Protection of Literary and Artistic Works
WIPO Copyright Treaty
WIPO Performances and Phonograms Treaty

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Legal Framework

Independence of Justice
The Constitution and law of the Ivory Coast provide for the independence of the judiciary in ordinary criminal cases and civil matters. Under the Constitution and in practice, the judiciary accedes to the executive on political and national security issues. The High Judicial Council, which appoints judges, may reportedly be subject to political interference.
Equal Treatment of Nationals and Foreigners
There have been reports that foreign nationals are not always granted an impartial trial from the country’s judicial system.
The Language of Justice
French is the judicial language used in the country.
Recourse to an Interpreter
An interpreter can be organized.
Sources of the Law and Legal Similarities
The main source of the law in the country is the new constitution of August 2000. The legal system is based on the French civil law system and customary law. Côte d'Ivoire accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction but with reservations. 
Checking National Laws Online
Côte d'Ivoire laws

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National Standards Organisations
Côte d'Ivoire Standardization
Integration in the International Standards Network
Côte d'Ivoire is a corresponding member country of ISO (International Organization for Standardization). A corresponding member is generally an organization in a country which has not yet fully developed its national activity in the field of standardization. Here, the organization is CODINORM. It's also a member of the African Electrotechnical Standardization Commission (AFSEC).
Classification of Standards
Ivorian standards (NI) are generally derived from French standards and follow ICS classification. Further information is available at CODINORM.
Online Consultation of Standards
Consult the standards on CODINORM.
Certification Organisations

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Business Practices

General Information
World Travel Guide, Cultural Information - Ivory Coast
Carreer addict, How to Master Business Etiquette in Ivory Coast
Opening Hours and Days
Banks are open from Monday to Friday from 8 AM to 4 PM.

Public Holidays

New Year's Day 1 January
Easter Monday In April (the date is variable)
Ascension 40 days after Easter Monday
Whitsun Variable (7 weeks after Easter)
Assumption 15 August
All Saints 1 November
National Peace Day 15 November
Anniversary of the death of President Félix Houphouët-Boigny 7 December
Christmas Day 25 December
Day after the night of Destiny Variable
Aid el Fitr Variable
Aid el Kebir Variable
Maouloud Variable
Holiday Compensation
If a public holiday falls on a Saturday, then the following Monday is not a working day.

Periods When Companies Usually Close

New Year's Day 1 January
Christmas Day 25 December
Aid el Fitr Variable
Aid el Kebir Variable

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Latest Update: April 2024