flag Israel Israel: Introduction


The State of Israel has established its capital in Jerusalem, despite the absence of an international agreement on the status of the city.


Total Population: 9,364,000
Natural Increase: 1.6%
Density: 426 Inhabitants/km²
Urban Population: 92.7%
Population of main cities: Jerusalem (936,500); Tel Aviv (460,700); Haifa (285,400); Rishon LeZiyyon (254,400); Petah Tikva (248,000); Ashdod (226,000); Netanya (221,400)
Ethnic Origins: 74.6% of the Israeli population is Jewish (of which 70.3% are Sabras, i.e. born in Israel, 20.5% are from Europe and the Americas and the remaining 9.2% are from Asia and Africa), 20.9% are Arabs and the remainder 4.5% are from other ethnic minorities. (Israel Central Bureau of Statistics)
Official Language: In Israel, the official languages are Hebrew and Arabic. The country's national language is modern Hebrew. However, since about 20% of the population was not born in Israel, a substantial number of Israelis have a different mother tongue.
Other Languages Spoken: Israeli speak other languages such as English, French, Russian and Yiddish. English is considered as the main foreign language in Israel (the main language for international communication), followed by French. Russian is the third most important foreign language in the country. Yiddish is spoken by around 500,000 people. Moreover, a large number of other languages are spoken by foreigners: Spanish, Romanian, Hungarian, German, Polish, Persian, Amharic and Tigrinya.
Business Language(s): English
Religion: About 75% Jewish and 25% non-Jewish - mostly Muslim, with minorities including Christian, Druze, Baha'i and others. (Central Bureau of Statistics of Israel)

Local Time:

It is %T:%M %A In Tel Aviv, Jerusalem

Exchange Rate on :

National Currency: Israeli New Sheqel. (ILS)

Country Overview

Area: 22,070 km²
Type of State: Israel (official name: State of Israel) is a nation-state based on parliamentary democracy, except in the Palestinian territories.
Type of Economy: High-income economy, Emerging Financial Market.
The country has the largest number of start-ups in the world. Investment and spending on research and development are also significant. Israel’s high-tech entrepreneurship is world-renowned thanks to support from the country's technological incubators.
HDI*: 0.894/1
HDI (World Rank): 18/188

Note: (*) The HDI, Human Development Index, is an Indicator Which Synthesizes Several Data Such as Life Expectancy, Level of Education, Professional Careers, Access to Culture etc.



Telephone Code:
To call from Israel, dial 00
To call Israel, dial +972
Internet Suffix: .il
Computers: 73.4 per 100 Inhabitants
Telephone Lines: 46.7 per 100 Inhabitants
Internet Users: 73.4 per 100 Inhabitants
Access to Electricity: 100% of the Population

Foreign Trade in Figures

Foreign Trade Indicators 20172018201920202021
Imports of Goods (million USD) 71,90876,59876,59169,98592,155
Exports of Goods (million USD) 61,15061,95258,50749,76360,159
Imports of Services (million USD) 28,57930,51631,94625,04232,073
Exports of Services (million USD) 44,68750,62455,51252,54571,785

Source: WTO – World Trade Organisation, Latest data available.


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Latest Update: September 2023