Population of main metropolitan areas:
Berlin (3,669,500); Hamburg (1,847,300); Munich (1,484,300); Cologne (1,087,900); Frankfurt (763,400); Stuttgart (636,000); Düsseldorf (621,900); Leipzig (593,200); Dortmund (588,300); Essen (582,800); Bremen (567,600); Dresden (556,800)
According to German authorities, over 91% of the population is of German origin. The largest ethnic group of non-German origin are the Turkish, comprising over 3% of the population. About 6% of the population is made up of individuals of Greek, Italian, Polish, Russian, Serbo-Croatian and Spanish origin. In 2019, Germany absorbed around 1.5 million migrants (more than 1% of its population), primarily from Syria, Iraq and Afghanistan. (Federal Statistical Office of Germany
Other Languages Spoken:
Most Germans have a very good knowledge of English. Quite a few of them speak French. Additionally, though less frequently, Italian, Spanish and Russian are also spoken.
The business languages are German and English.
Christian 62.5% (Catholic 31.4%, Protestant 31.1%), Muslim 4%, Jewish 0.2%.
It is %T:%M %A In Berlin
Exchange Rate on
National Currency: Euro (EUR)
Type of State:
Germany is a democratic, federal parliamentary republic. The country has 16 states ("Länder") or provinces, which have local governments and legislatures that enjoy considerable decentralisation in relation to the Federal Government.
Type of Economy:
High-income economy, OECD member, G8 member.
The leading European power; the world's second largest exporter.
HDI (World Rank):
Note: (*) The HDI, Human Development Index, is an Indicator Which Synthesizes Several Data Such as Life Expectancy, Level of Education, Professional Careers, Access to Culture etc.
To call from Germany, dial 00
To call Germany, dial +49
65.6 per 100 Inhabitants
61.8 per 100 Inhabitants
84.0 per 100 Inhabitants
Access to Electricity:
100% of the Population
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Latest Update: September 2023