flag Gambia Gambia: Introduction

Capital: Banjul


Total Population: 2,705,992
Natural Increase: 2.5%
Density: 261 Inhabitants/km²
Urban Population: 63.9%
Ethnic Origins: The population is composed of approximately 34% Mandinka and Jahanka, 24% Peul/Tukulur/Lorobo, almost 15% Wollof, 11% Jola/Karoninka, 8% Serahuleh, 3% Serere, 2% Manjago, 1% Bambara, 1% Creole/Aku Marabout and about 1% other ethnicities. (The Gambia Bureau of Statistics)
Official Language: English
Other Languages Spoken: Mandinka, Wolof, Fula, Other indigenous vernaculars
Business Language(s): English
Religion: Muslim 90%, Christian 9%, Indigenous beliefs 1%.

Local Time:

It is %T:%M %A In Banjul

Exchange Rate on :

National Currency: Gambian Dalasi (GMD)

Country Overview

Area: 11,300 km²
Type of State: Presidential republic
Type of Economy: Low-income economy.
A mainly agricultural country isolated because it is landlocked in Senegal.
HDI*: 0.441/1
HDI (World Rank): 175/188

Note: (*) The HDI, Human Development Index, is an Indicator Which Synthesizes Several Data Such as Life Expectancy, Level of Education, Professional Careers, Access to Culture etc.


Telephone Code:
To call from Gambia, dial 00
To call Gambia, dial +220
Internet Suffix: .gm
Telephone Lines: 3.5 per 100 Inhabitants
Internet Users: 12.4 per 100 Inhabitants
Access to Electricity: 34.53% of the Population

Foreign Trade in Figures

Foreign Trade Indicators 20192020202120222023
Imports of Goods (million USD) 621582607694784
Exports of Goods (million USD) 13361334040
Imports of Services (million USD) 1081091191360
Exports of Services (million USD) 2061061102160

Source: WTO – World Trade Organisation, Latest data available.


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Latest Update: May 2024