Capital: Addis Ababa
Oromo about 35%, Amhara nearly 27%, Somali around 6%, Tigray approximately 6%, as well as other ethnic groups: Sidama 4%, Gurage 3%, Welayta 2%, Hadiya 2%, Afar 2%, Gamo 1% and others about 13%. (Central Statistics Agency of Ethiopia
Amharic is the official working language in which all federal laws are published, and it is spoken by millions of Ethiopians as a second language.
Other Languages Spoken:
There are 88 individual languages of Ethiopia. Most of these languages belong to the Afroasiatic family.
These languages include: Oromigna, Tigrigna Somaligna Guaragigna, Sidamigna, Hadiyigna, others.
English is a major foreign language taught in schools.
Amharic and English
Christian 60.8%, Muslim 32.8%, Traditional 4.6%, Others 1.8%.
It is %T:%M %A In Addis Ababa
Exchange Rate on
National Currency: Ethiopian Birr (ETB)
Type of State:
Federal parliamentary republic.
Type of Economy:
An economy dominated by the agricultural sector; heavily dependent on international aid.
HDI (World Rank):
Note: (*) The HDI, Human Development Index, is an Indicator Which Synthesizes Several Data Such as Life Expectancy, Level of Education, Professional Careers, Access to Culture etc.
To call from Ethiopia, dial 00
To call Ethiopia, dial +251
0.9 per 100 Inhabitants
1.5 per 100 Inhabitants
Access to Electricity:
26.56% of the Population
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Latest Update: September 2023