flag Ecuador Ecuador: Introduction

Capital: Quito


Total Population: 17,797,737
Natural Increase: 1.2%
Density: 71 Inhabitants/km²
Urban Population: 64.4%
Ethnic Origins: Mestizos represent 72% of the total population of Ecuador, Amerindians 7%, Montubios a little over 7%, Afro-Ecuadorians around 7%, Europeans about 6% and other ethnic groups a little less than 1%. (National Institute of Statistics and Censuses)
Official Language: Spanish
Other Languages Spoken: Amerindian languages, particularly Quechua
Business Language(s): English
Religion: Roman Catholic 95%, Other religions 5%.
Literacy Rate: 91.0%

Local Time:

It is %T:%M %A In Quito

Exchange Rate on :

National Currency: American Dollar (USD)

Country Overview

Area: 256,370 km²
Type of State: Democratic Republic.
Type of Economy: Lower-middle-income economy.
An economy heavily dependent on the petroleum sector; world's leading exporter of bananas and shrimp.
HDI*: 0.732/1
HDI (World Rank): 88/188

Note: (*) The HDI, Human Development Index, is an Indicator Which Synthesizes Several Data Such as Life Expectancy, Level of Education, Professional Careers, Access to Culture etc.


Telephone Code:
To call from Ecuador, dial 00
To call Ecuador, dial +593
Internet Suffix: .ec
Computers: 13.0 per 100 Inhabitants
Telephone Lines: 15.5 per 100 Inhabitants
Internet Users: 35.1 per 100 Inhabitants
Access to Electricity: 97.2% of the Population

Foreign Trade in Figures

Foreign Trade Indicators 20172018201920202021
Imports of Goods (million USD) 20,01023,17722,56417,95925,687
Exports of Goods (million USD) 19,12221,62822,32920,22726,699
Imports of Services (million USD) 3,1983,8464,0592,6854,540
Exports of Services (million USD) 2,0683,1103,2071,6492,115

Source: WTO – World Trade Organisation, Latest data available.


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Latest Update: September 2023