|Type of property and law
|International Agreements Signed
Act. o 527/1990 on Inventions and Rationalization Proposals
|maximum of 20 years
Patent Cooperation Treaty (PCT)
Act. No 441/2003 on Trademark
Trademark Law Treaty
Protocol Relating to the Madrid Agreement Concerning the International Registration of Marks
Act. No 207/2000 coll. on Protection on Industrial Design
|maximum of 25 years
Law No. 121/2000 Coll. on Copyright, Rights Related to Copyright and on the Amendment of Certain Laws (Copyright Act)
|Financial rights run for the life of the author and for 70 years after his death.
Berne convention For the Protection of Literary and Artistic Works
Convention for the Protection of Producers of Phonograms Against Unauthorized Duplication of Their Phonograms
Rome ConventionFor the Protection of Performers, Producers of Phonograms and Broadcasting Organizations
WIPO Copyright Treaty
WIPO Performances and Phonograms Treaty
Act No. 478/1992 Coll. on Utility Models
As a member of the European Union, the Czech Republic National Law must comply with the conditions of the Community Legislation. As of 2016, the Czech Republic has not yet submitted a declaration on the compulsory ICJ jurisdiction.
|Foundation of the state, rights of individuals
|Constitution of the Czech Republic (Act No. 1/1993 Coll.)
Charter of Fundamental Rights and Basic Freedoms
|Civil law, rights of possession
|Civil code (Act No 40/1964 Coll.)
|Company law, corporate status
|Commercial code (Act No. 213/1991 Coll.)
|Labor Code (Law No.3262/2006 Coll.)
|The Constitutional Court
|The Court does not form part of the system of ordinary courts. The competencies are given by the Constitution. The main objective is to protect basic rights and freedoms. It has also some competencies concerning the electoral law and consideration of the accordance of international treaties with the Constitution.
|The Supreme Court
|The highest judicial authority both in civil and criminal law with the exception of the matters concerning the powers of the Constitutional Court. The Supreme Court hears, in particular, extraordinary means of remedy and is responsible for uniformity of judicial practice.
|The Supreme Administrative Court
|The highest judicial authority in matters falling within the competence of administrative courts. The task is to provide protection to individual (subjective) public rights of natural and legal persons. An additional task is to ensure the unity and legality of the decisional practice of regional courts and administrative authorities.
|2 High Courts in Prague and in Olomouc
|Territorial jurisdiction of 2 main regions Bohemia (Prague) and Moravia (Olomouc). 2nd instance.
|8 Regional Courts
|The civil and criminal proceedings are governed by the "2nd instance“ principle. This means that if a case is decided by a first instance court, usually a district court, the appeal against such first instance judgment is heard and decided by a second instance court whose decision cannot be challenged by any ordinary means of remedy. The law stipulates specific cases when a regional court acts as a first instance court and in this event a high court acts as second instance (e.g. serious crime cases or most of commercial cases).
|86 District Courts
|Territorial jurisdiction. 1st instance
|Supreme Public Prosecutor s Office
|Represents public prosecution in the criminal proceedings. It performs also other duties where specified by law.
|2 High Public Prosecutor's Offices in Prague and in Olomouc
|Territorial prosecution. 2nd instance
|86 Regional and District Prosecutor's Offices
|Territorial prosecution. 1st instance
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Latest Update: February 2024