flag Cuba Cuba: Introduction

Capital: Havana


Total Population: 11,212,191
Natural Increase: -0.4%
Density: 108 Inhabitants/km²
Urban Population: 77.4%
Population of main cities: Havana (2,132,400); Santiago de Cuba (433,400); Camaguey (310,200); Holguín (299,500); Santa Clara (217,600); Guantanamo (215,100); Victoria de las Tunas (174,400); Bayamo (160,100); Cienfuegos (152,300)
Ethnic Origins: The majority of the Cuban population is of European origin (about 64%). About 9% of the Island's population is of African origin and about 27% is mixed. (Oficina Nacional de Estadística e Información, in Spanish)
Official Language: Spanish.
Other Languages Spoken: English
Business Language(s): Spanish
Religion: 85% of Cubans were Catholic before the revolution. The Catholic religion was banned after the revolution.  In 1992, an amendment to the Constitution authorised freedom of worship on the Island with some restrictions.  In practice, the religious beliefs of the old slaves merged with Catholicism giving birth to an Afro-Cuban religion called Santerias.
Literacy Rate: 99.8%

Local Time:

It is %T:%M %A In Havana

Exchange Rate on :

National Currency: Cuban Peso (CUP)

Country Overview

Area: 109,880 km²
Type of State: Marxist–Leninist socialist republic.
Type of Economy: Country with middle income (Lower-middle income).
Socialist planned economy; extremely dependent on tourism and the exports of raw materials.
HDI*: 0.769/1
HDI (World Rank): 67/188

Note: (*) The HDI, Human Development Index, is an Indicator Which Synthesizes Several Data Such as Life Expectancy, Level of Education, Professional Careers, Access to Culture etc.


Telephone Code:
To call from Cuba, dial 119
To call Cuba, dial +53
Internet Suffix: .cu
Telephone Lines: 10.8 per 100 Inhabitants
Internet Users: 25.6 per 100 Inhabitants
Access to Electricity: 100% of the Population

Foreign Trade in Figures

Foreign Trade Indicators 20192020202120222023
Imports of Goods (million USD) 9,9017,2308,4319,8338,920
Exports of Goods (million USD) 2,0621,7031,9662,1701,939
Imports of Services (million USD) 2,0281,5381,6880n/a
Exports of Services (million USD) 10,2406,9855,8840n/a

Source: WTO – World Trade Organisation, Latest data available.


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Latest Update: April 2024