Population of main metropolitan areas:
Toronto (5,429,600); Montreal (3,519,600); Vancouver (2,264,900); Calgary (1,237,700); Edmonton (1,062,700); Ottawa-Gatineau (989,600); Winnipeg (712,000); Quebec (705,100); Hamilton (693,700); Kitchener (470,000)
In the last century, the majority of Canadians were of British and French origin, in addition to indigenous peoples.
However, successive waves of immigrants from many different countries have considerably diversified Canada's ethnic makeup: Canadian about 32%, about 32% from the British Isles, French 13% and North American Indian about 6.2%. The other most frequently reported ancestries are German, Chinese, Italian, Indian, Ukrainian, Dutch, Polish and Filipino.
Four out of ten people mentioned more than one ancestry because it is possible to report more than one origin in Canadian statistics. (Statistics Canada)
English and French
Other Languages Spoken:
is the third most widely spoken language in Canada. More than 100 different languages were declared when an inventory was made of mother tongues. The list includes Chinese, German, Italian, Ukrainian, Dutch, Polish and various Asian and Middle Eastern languages. Aboriginal languages are also widely spoken in many regions.
English is the most commonly spoken language in Canada. All government departments must be bilingual in English and French.
Catholics 39%, Protestants 24.1%, Orthodox Christians 1.7%, Non-religious 23.9%, Muslims 3.2%, Jews 1%, Buddhists 1.1%, Hindus 1.5%, Sikhs 1.4%.
It is %T:%M %A In Quebec, Montreal, Toronto, Ottawa
It is %T:%M %A In Edmonton, Calgary
It is %T:%M %A In Whitehorse, Vancouver
Exchange Rate on
National Currency: Canadian dollar (CAD)
Type of State:
Constitutional monarchy, parliamentary democracy and federation.
Type of Economy:
High-income economy, OECD member, G8 member.
The second largest country in the world; the leading producer of zinc and uranium; a major importer of agricultural products.
HDI (World Rank):
Note: (*) The HDI, Human Development Index, is an Indicator Which Synthesizes Several Data Such as Life Expectancy, Level of Education, Professional Careers, Access to Culture etc.
To call from Canada, dial 011
To call Canada, dial 1
94.3 per 100 Inhabitants
51.9 per 100 Inhabitants
86.8 per 100 Inhabitants
Access to Electricity:
100% of the Population
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Latest Update: September 2023