flag Cameroon Cameroon: Introduction

Capital: Yaounde


Total Population: 27,914,536
Natural Increase: 2.6%
Density: 58 Inhabitants/km²
Urban Population: 58.7%
Population of main cities: Douala (2,768,400); Yaoundé (2,765,600)
Ethnic Origins: There is no official data on the ethnic groups in Cameroon. However, it is estimated that there are about 250 ethnic groups in the country. Among them are the Cameroonians of the Highlands, the Bantu, the Kirdis, the Peul, the North-West Bantu and the Nigritic. There are also some nationals of other African countries and non-Africans.
Official Language: French and English are the official languages of Cameroon.
Other Languages Spoken: There are close to 200 African dialects.
Business Language(s): In the business environment, French is more frequently used, although English is also used.
Religion: Tribal Religions 51%, Christians 33% (South), Sunni Muslims 16% (North).
Literacy Rate: 67.9%

Local Time:

It is %T:%M %A In Yaounde

Exchange Rate on :

National Currency: CFA Franc BEAC (XAF)

Country Overview

Area: 475,440 km²
Type of State: Unitary Republic based on parliamentary democracy.
Type of Economy: Lower-middle-income economy (in the inferior bracket).
Heavily Indebted country; the economy is based principally on agriculture and petroleum.
HDI*: 0.512/1
HDI (World Rank): 153/188

Note: (*) The HDI, Human Development Index, is an Indicator Which Synthesizes Several Data Such as Life Expectancy, Level of Education, Professional Careers, Access to Culture etc.


Telephone Code:
To call from Cameroon, dial 00
To call Cameroon, dial +237
Internet Suffix: .cm
Computers: 1.2 per 100 Inhabitants
Telephone Lines: 3.6 per 100 Inhabitants
Internet Users: 5.7 per 100 Inhabitants
Access to Electricity: 53.7% of the Population

Foreign Trade in Figures

Foreign Trade Indicators 20192020202120222023
Imports of Goods (million USD) 6,5835,5216,9817,8749,000
Exports of Goods (million USD) 4,0843,1324,3175,5844,400
Imports of Services (million USD) 2,8232,1172,4522,5420
Exports of Services (million USD) 2,2051,7091,5821,7170

Source: WTO – World Trade Organisation, Latest data available.


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Latest Update: April 2024