Population of main cities including suburbs:
Bujumbura (497,200); Gitega (42,000); Ngozi (39,900); Rumonge (36,000); Cibitoke (23,900); Kayanza (21,800); Bubanza (20,100); Gatumba (11,700); Karuzi (10,400); Kirundo (10,100)
The population of the country is largely composed of Hutus (Bantu), with a smaller share of Tutsis (Hamitic) and some Twa (Pygmy). Foreign nationals are mostly refugees from Africa (mainly Rwandans and Zairians/Congolese) but also non-Africans (notably Europeans and South Asians).
Other Languages Spoken:
Christian 67% (Roman Catholic 62%, Protestant 5%), Indigenous beliefs 23%, Muslim 10%.
It is %T:%M %A In Bujumbura
Exchange Rate on
National Currency: Burundi Franc (BIF)
Type of State:
Type of Economy:
A 90% rural country whose economy depends on coffee and tea exports.
HDI (World Rank):
Note: (*) The HDI, Human Development Index, is an Indicator Which Synthesizes Several Data Such as Life Expectancy, Level of Education, Professional Careers, Access to Culture etc.
To call from the Burundi, dial 00
To call the Burundi, dial +257
0.2 per 100 Inhabitants
1.2 per 100 Inhabitants
Access to Electricity:
6.5% of the Population
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Latest Update: September 2023