Population of main cities:
Sofia (1,242,600); Plovdiv (347,900); Varna (336,300); Burgas (201,800); Ruse (141,300); Stara Zagora (134,800); Pléven (95,100); Sliven (85,000); Dobrič (82,300); Shumen (75,500)
The population is made up of some 83% of people of Bulgarian origin, Turks represent about 10%, Roma approximately 5%, and other origins (Macedonians, Armenians, etc.) around 2%.
(National Statistical Institute
Other Languages Spoken:
Many Bulgarians have some level of Russian language comprehension. German and French are also widely spoken.
Russian, English, German and French. Turkish is also used for business in the South.
Bulgarian Orthodox 82.6%, Muslim 12.2%, other Christian 1.2%, other 4% (2001 census).
It is %T:%M %A In Sofia
Exchange Rate on
National Currency: Bulgarian Lev (BGN)
Type of State:
Republic state based on parliamentary democracy working under a pluriform multi-party political system.
Type of Economy:
Upper-middle-income economy, Ex-Transition country.
The country is a crossroads between Europe and Asia.
HDI (World Rank):
Note: (*) The HDI, Human Development Index, is an Indicator Which Synthesizes Several Data Such as Life Expectancy, Level of Education, Professional Careers, Access to Culture etc.
To call from Bulgaria, dial 00
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5.9 per 100 Inhabitants
30.4 per 100 Inhabitants
55.1 per 100 Inhabitants
Access to Electricity:
100% of the Population
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Latest Update: September 2023