Introduction

flag Bangladesh Bangladesh: Introduction

Capital: Dhaka

Population

Total Population: 171,186,372
Natural Increase: 1.1%
Density: 1,301 Inhabitants/km²
Urban Population: 39.7%
Population of main cities: Dhaka (6,970,100); Chittagong (2,582,400); Gazipur (1,592,100); Narayanganj (709,400); Khulna (663,400); Sylhet (479,900); Rajshahi (449,800); Bogra (401,000); Barisal (328,300); Comilla (326,400)
Ethnic Origins: There is no official data on ethnic groups in Bangladesh. However, the Bangladeshi population is very homogeneous with an overwhelming majority of Bangladeshis. Minorities include tribal groups and Bangladeshi Muslim groups (such as Sadri, Santali, Mogh, Myanmar).
Official Language: Bengali
Other Languages Spoken: Eastern Punjabi, Gujarati, Hindi, Oriya, Sadri, Sauria Paharia, Urdu
Business Language(s): English
Religion: Muslims 83%, Hindu 16%, Other beliefs 1% (Buddhists, Christians).
Literacy Rate: 47.5%

Local Time:

It is %T:%M %A In Dhaka

Exchange Rate on :

National Currency: Bangladesh Taka (BDT)

Country Overview

Area: 147,570 km²
Type of State: Democratic Parliamentary Republic.
Type of Economy: Low-income economy.
An extremely poor country which depends on international aid and its natural gas reserves
HDI*: 0.570/1
HDI (World Rank): 142/188

Note: (*) The HDI, Human Development Index, is an Indicator Which Synthesizes Several Data Such as Life Expectancy, Level of Education, Professional Careers, Access to Culture etc.

Telecommunication

Telephone Code:
To call from Bangladesh, dial 00
To call Bangladesh, dial +880
Internet Suffix: .bd
Computers: 1.2 per 100 Inhabitants
Telephone Lines: 0.6 per 100 Inhabitants
Internet Users: 6.3 per 100 Inhabitants
Access to Electricity: 59.6% of the Population

Foreign Trade in Figures

 
Foreign Trade Indicators 20182019202020212022
Imports of Goods (million USD) 60,49559,09452,80480,44888,234
Exports of Goods (million USD) 39,25239,33733,60544,22354,695
Imports of Services (million USD) 9,6199,5587,92710,86612,155
Exports of Services (million USD) 5,4466,2146,0207,4758,270

Source: WTO – World Trade Organisation, Latest data available.

 

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Latest Update: February 2024