Population of main urban zones:
Melbourne (4,969,300); Sydney (4,966,800); Brisbane (2,475,700); Perth (2,083,700); Adelaide (1,357,500); Gold Coast (709,500); Newcastle (498,000); Canberra (465,000)
Australia is a multicultural nation with more than 170 different nationalities whose diversity is continually growing. 85% of the population is of European origin (mostly English, Irish, Scottish, Italian and Greek), with around 9% of Asian origin and 3% who identify as Indigenous Australian. In 2019, 29.7% of the population were born overseas. (Australian Bureau of Statistics
The official language of Australia is English. English is also the common language in different sectors such as the legislature, justice, administrative services, work and correspondence.
Other Languages Spoken:
In Australia minority groups use more than 200 languages including the Aborigine languages and immigrant languages (Italian, Greek, Cantonese, Lebanese, Vietnamese, Turkish, etc.)
Protestant 30%; Catholic 25%; Unspecified 9%; Buddhist 2.5%; Muslim 2.2%.
A declining majority of people (58% according to certain surveys) say they are Christian. Most Protestant Churches, except the Anglican Church, have merged to form the Uniting Church; the Catholic Church has a large following. There are also non-Christian minorities. 20% of the population say they are non-believers. While traditional Aboriginal religions exist and are closely linked to culture and the land, many Indigenous Australians were converted to Christianity after Australia's colonisation.
It is %T:%M %A In Canberra, Melbourne, Sydney
It is %T:%M %A In Adelaide
It is %T:%M %A In Perth
Exchange Rate on
National Currency: Australian Dollar (AUD)
Type of State:
The Commonwealth of Australia is a Federal State of six States and two Territories based on a parliamentary democracy under a constitutional monarchy.
Type of Economy:
High-income economy, OECD member.
Services are dominant in the economy; abundant natural resources; greatest number of national parks and natural reserves in the world.
HDI (World Rank):
Note: (*) The HDI, Human Development Index, is an Indicator Which Synthesizes Several Data Such as Life Expectancy, Level of Education, Professional Careers, Access to Culture etc.
To call from Australia, dial 0011
To call Australia, dial +61
68.9 per 100 Inhabitants
45.7 per 100 Inhabitants
82.3 per 100 Inhabitants
Access to Electricity:
100% of the Population
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Latest Update: September 2023