Introduction

flag Afghanistan Afghanistan: Introduction

Capital: Kabul

Population

Total Population: 41,128,771
Natural Increase: 2.5%
Density: 61 Inhabitants/km²
Urban Population: 26.6%
Ethnic Origins: There is no official national data on ethnic groups in Afghanistan. However, the 2004 constitution recognises 14 ethnic groups: Pashtun, Tajik, Hazara, Uzbek, Baloch, Turkmen, Nuristani, Pamiri, Arab, Gujar, Brahui, Qizilbash, Aimaq, and Pasha. Among these groups, the most widely spread in Afghanistan are the Pashtun, Tajik, Hazara, Uzbek and Baloch.
Official Language: Dari (Afghan Persian) and Pashto.
Other Languages Spoken: Turkic languages (primarily Uzbek and Turkmen), and 30 other minor languages which primarily include Balochi and Pashai.
Business Language(s): English
Religion: Sunni Muslim 80%, Shia Muslim 19%, Others 1%.
Literacy Rate: 28.0%

Local Time:

It is %T:%M %A In Kabul

Exchange Rate on :

National Currency: Afghanistan Afghani (AFN)

Country Overview

Area: 652,860 km²
Type of State: Dictatorial regime (since August 2021)
Type of Economy: Low-income economy, Transition country.
An economy which is heavily dependent on agriculture and which benefits extensively from international aid.
HDI*: 0.465/1
HDI (World Rank): 171/188

Note: (*) The HDI, Human Development Index, is an Indicator Which Synthesizes Several Data Such as Life Expectancy, Level of Education, Professional Careers, Access to Culture etc.

Telecommunication

Telephone Code:
To call from Afghanistan, dial 00
To call Afghanistan, dial +93
Internet Suffix: .af
Telephone Lines: 0.0 per 100 Inhabitants
Internet Users: 5.5 per 100 Inhabitants
Access to Electricity: 43% of the Population

Foreign Trade in Figures

 
Foreign Trade Indicators 20182019202020212022
Imports of Goods (million USD) 7,4076,7776,5385,5505,762
Exports of Goods (million USD) 8758647771,035992
Imports of Services (million USD) 1,3671,2131,10500
Exports of Services (million USD) 73465270000

Source: WTO – World Trade Organisation, Latest data available.

 

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Latest Update: December 2023